Unique Fingerprint Patterns Essay

966 words - 4 pages

Fingerprints are ridges on the inside and tips of a person’s finger that form patterns that only that person will have. Even though your finger print pattern can be somewhat similar to someone else’s, everyone has their own unique and special pattern. That pattern can identify who you are. These patterns do not change over the course of your life starting from when you are born. Only thing that changes is that the ridges will get larger as you grow.
In 1686 Marcello Malphigi was the first to come up with the different patterns in a person’s finger but he didn’t go into that much detail. In 1880 Henry Faulds was the first to identify a fingerprint and came to the conclusion that they are used for identification purposes. By 1888 the first book about fingerprints called “Fingerprints” was published by Sir Francis Galton and he also developed the first system of classifying fingerprints. This system was made to state that no two prints are the same. In 1901 the Henry classification system was later developed by Sir Edward Henry, and this system categorized the ridge patterns into three groups: loops, whorls, and arches. These findings led to today’s fingerprint analysis. Which is used everywhere. Fingerprinting was later introduced to prisons, the army, and widely used for identification by law enforcement.
Fingerprint analysis is a technique that compares images of prints taken to fingerprints that are already in a database. Fingerprint analysis is a strong tool in testing for identification. It is used to be able to tell who a person is. Fingerprints have been used for many years to positively identify a person. People use fingerprints for numerous things such as: time clocks at work, ids, documentations, background checks, and criminal investigations. Fingerprinting is used at time clocks at certain jobs such Belk so that they can keep track of the employee’s time and attendance. It is also used so that others cannot clock in for one another if the other person is late. It lets you know who is working or who isn’t working that day. Fingerprinting is used on ids for identification purposes. Background checks require fingerprinting because you are able to identify a person and you can also see what’s on that person’s record. But fingerprinting is mostly used in prisons and criminal investigations. Doing fingerprint analysis for crime scenes helps find suspects for crimes. If you have no other evidence having fingerprints could be all you need to crack a case because you know for a fact that that person was there.
Fingerprints are easy to detect because the ridges on your fingertips give off perspiration and leaves moisture on whatever you touch. Depending on what you touch you can see fingerprints with the naked eye which are patent prints but most times you have to use powders to see them which are called latent prints. Patent prints can be captured by high...

Find Another Essay On Unique Fingerprint Patterns

Research Regarding Types of Fingerprint Revealing Powder on Glass Surfaces

2740 words - 11 pages fingerprint can be described as the unique patterns of swirling lines on a person’s finger, slightly ridged which can be classified into 3 main categories, including; loop, arch and whorl. (Fingerprint Analysis, Forensics Lab 8.0: Revealing Latent Fingerprints, How Fingerprints Solve Crimes, How to Use Baby Powder to Reveal Latent Fingerprints, Watson, Stephanie) Diagram showing types of fingerprints Fingerprint lines can stop and start, curve and

How Are Fingerprints Useful? Essay

751 words - 4 pages agents can identify a body, missing person or a suspect at a crime scene. Fingerprints are very unique. Different classes, which fingerprint ridge patterns determine. Most fingerprints are loop prints, prints with one core and also one delta. The core is the area where the pattern forms a triangle or backwards. Fingerprints analysts discriminate between ulnar and radial loops, which enter and exit from opposite sides of the print. Ulnar loops are

Research Paper-Biometrics

2048 words - 8 pages . Fingerprints were first recognised as unique in 1684. Everyone is known to have unique, immutable fingerprints. A fingerprint is made of a series of ridges and furrows on the surface of the finger. The uniqueness of a fingerprint can be determined by this pattern of ridges and furrows. The fingerprint scanner captures an image of the fingerprint and uses complex algorithms to either convert the image into a unique "map" of minutiae points or analyze the

History of Fingerprinting

1843 words - 7 pages print and were able to correctly match her identity. Charles Darwin’s cousin, Sir Francis Galton, wrote and published the first book about fingerprints. He wrote about how every individual has a unique print by the certain traits of each fingerprint (History of Fingerprints, 2012). The popularity of fingerprints grew greatly in the United States in the early 1900s. Police departments and the FBI began to use them as personal identification methods

Creation and Verification of Paper Based Certificates with Signatures

1770 words - 8 pages CREATION AND VERIFICATION OF THE PAPER BASED CERTIFICATES WITH SIGNATURE. Creation of Signature on the issuing Certificate According to Murthy et al. (2011), the vital information that has to input in this paper such as Unique no, Reg no, first name, middle name, last name, Father’s name, passing year and obtained marks) need to be considered as an input m. Then after, m is hashed with a secure hashing algorithm (SHA-1) to create a hash value

Biometrics Security

1400 words - 6 pages Biometrics Security Biometrics uses personal characteristics to identify users. When it comes to security, mapping unique patterns and traits in fingerprints, irises or voices is considered light years ahead of forcing employees to memorize combination of letters and numbers -- which are easily compromised and easily forgotten. The technology works by taking measurements -- whether it is the weight and length of bones in the hand or the


548 words - 2 pages patterns are inherited genetically, a given person's VNTR pattern is more or less unique. The more VNTR probes used to analyze a person's VNTR pattern, the more distinctive and individualized that pattern, or DNA fingerprint, will be.

Catching Criminals: The Importance of Prints

1872 words - 7 pages anyone touches, they are not easily covered up, all prints are unique, and because many parts of your body produce prints without you even trying. When talking about the importance of prints it is vital to notice that prints serve many roles and for the most part the average person doesn’t know any more about prints than what they have seen on CSI or other television shows. With enough research it is found that prints are more complex, interesting

biometrics and access control

1356 words - 6 pages . Retinal recognition devices are based on the patterns of the blood vessel in the retina. Retina scan will require the person to remove any type of lenses they might be wearing and then place their eye by the scanner, focus/stare at a certain point, and remain still for approximately 15 seconds while the scan is completed. A retinal scan uses a unique light source, which is projected onto the retina to highlight the blood vessels which then a image

Fingerprint as Personal Identification: The Bertillion Formula

1501 words - 6 pages , January 10) Computers Help Match Fingerprints. Retrieved from 20 April 2014. Am J Hum Genet. (1976, May) The Inheritance of Fingerprint Patterns. Retrieved from 20 April 2014. Watson, Stephanie.  "How Fingerprinting Works"  24 March 2008. Retrieved from HowStuffWorks.com.  25 April 2014.

Biometrics: Are we the key?

3032 words - 12 pages historian Joao de barros that Chinese merchants would stamp children's palm and footprints on paper with ink to distinguish them from each other. [3]1.3. Areas of ResearchBiometrics is now becoming more popular with the introduction of information technology. This technology is used to verify and/or identity someone using his or her own unique physical patterns, for example fingerprints, facial recognition, iris scanning, retinal scan and hand geometry

Similar Essays


973 words - 4 pages Just like every individual, every fingerprint is unique. Whether it is between two friends or two people from the opposite ends of the Earth, the fingerprints that they contain will not be identical. Fingerprints are very fascinating because of this fact. Fingerprints are unique to the person, and therefore, fingerprints have a great use to law enforcement agencies throughout the world. This use of fingerprints in forensic science has caught my

History Of Fingerprints Essay

594 words - 3 pages permanence of fingerprints. In other words, they found out the looks of fingerprints and thought that this data was intriguing and interesting. Their observation was verified by Sir Francis Galton, who designed the first elementary system for classifying fingerprints based on grouping the patterns into arches, loops, and whorls. Galton system was improved upon by a London police commissioner, Sir Edward R. Henry. The Galton-Henry system of fingerprint

Fingerprint Evidence: Fact Or Fiction? Essay

2400 words - 10 pages tested, what it's error rate is, and, in the case of fingerprinting, whether there are standards for what constitutes a "match" (The Economist 2).In order for us to determine whether or not fingerprint evidence is scientificallysound, we need to look at what constitutes a match. Fingerprints are unique. Each person's fingerprint is like a snowflake, there are millions of them, yet no two are exactly alike. I personally find it hard to take a

Fingerprinting And Fingerprint Analysis

2257 words - 10 pages pottery that had been baked in the sun for years, Fingerprints has been imprinted on these artifacts, and this started his research on the unique patterns. While working in Tokyo, he published an article on potential ways to utilize a fingerprint. While teaching in Japan, Faulds conducted several experiments with the help of his students. The students removed their fingerprints in a variety of ways to be sure that they could not be changed. These