Unique Fingerprint Patterns Essay

966 words - 4 pages

Fingerprints are ridges on the inside and tips of a person’s finger that form patterns that only that person will have. Even though your finger print pattern can be somewhat similar to someone else’s, everyone has their own unique and special pattern. That pattern can identify who you are. These patterns do not change over the course of your life starting from when you are born. Only thing that changes is that the ridges will get larger as you grow.
In 1686 Marcello Malphigi was the first to come up with the different patterns in a person’s finger but he didn’t go into that much detail. In 1880 Henry Faulds was the first to identify a fingerprint and came to the conclusion that they are used for identification purposes. By 1888 the first book about fingerprints called “Fingerprints” was published by Sir Francis Galton and he also developed the first system of classifying fingerprints. This system was made to state that no two prints are the same. In 1901 the Henry classification system was later developed by Sir Edward Henry, and this system categorized the ridge patterns into three groups: loops, whorls, and arches. These findings led to today’s fingerprint analysis. Which is used everywhere. Fingerprinting was later introduced to prisons, the army, and widely used for identification by law enforcement.
Fingerprint analysis is a technique that compares images of prints taken to fingerprints that are already in a database. Fingerprint analysis is a strong tool in testing for identification. It is used to be able to tell who a person is. Fingerprints have been used for many years to positively identify a person. People use fingerprints for numerous things such as: time clocks at work, ids, documentations, background checks, and criminal investigations. Fingerprinting is used at time clocks at certain jobs such Belk so that they can keep track of the employee’s time and attendance. It is also used so that others cannot clock in for one another if the other person is late. It lets you know who is working or who isn’t working that day. Fingerprinting is used on ids for identification purposes. Background checks require fingerprinting because you are able to identify a person and you can also see what’s on that person’s record. But fingerprinting is mostly used in prisons and criminal investigations. Doing fingerprint analysis for crime scenes helps find suspects for crimes. If you have no other evidence having fingerprints could be all you need to crack a case because you know for a fact that that person was there.
Fingerprints are easy to detect because the ridges on your fingertips give off perspiration and leaves moisture on whatever you touch. Depending on what you touch you can see fingerprints with the naked eye which are patent prints but most times you have to use powders to see them which are called latent prints. Patent prints can be captured by high...

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