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United Nations Essay

1738 words - 7 pages

CONTENTS1. UNITED NATIONS2. STRUCTURE OF UNITED NATIONS AGENCIES2.1 DEVELOPMENT AGENCIES2.1.1 The United Nations Development Program -UNDP2.1.2 The United Nations Children's Fund -UNICEF2.1.3 The United Nations Population Fund -UNFPA2.2 HUMANITARIAN AFFAIRS AGENCIES2.2.1 Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator -ERC2.2.2 The Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees -UNHCR2.2.3 The World Food Program -WFP2.2.4 The United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East -UNRWA2.3 PEACE AND SECURITY AGENCIES2.3.1 Department of Political Affairs- DPA2.3.2 Department of Peacekeeping Operations- DPKO2.3.3 Department for Disarmament Affairs Disarmament Issues- DDA2.4 ECONOMİC AND SOCİAL AGENCIES2.4.1 Department of Economic and Social Affairs- DESA2.4.2 United Nations Conference on Trade and Development- UNCTAD2.4.3 United Nations Environment Program- UNEP2.4.4 United Nations Human Settlements Program -UN-HABITAT2.4.5 United Nations Drug Control Program- UNDCP1. UNITED NATIONSThe United Nations (UN) is an international organization established in 1945. It was founded at the end of World War II by the victorious world powers. The aim was to avoid conflicts between nations and make future wars impossible, by developing collective security. Governments can make easy cooperation with international law, international security, economic development, and social equity. In the beginning 51 states was member, in 2005 it was 191 members.The organization is structurally divided into administrative bodies, including the UN General Assembly, UN Security Council, UN Economic and Social Council, UN Trusteeship Council, UN Secretariat, and the International Court of Justice.The Council has five permanent members which are ; People's Republic of China, French Republic, Russian Federation, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland ,United States of America. The permanent members were originally drawn from the victorious powers after World War II.2. STRUCTURE OF UNITED NATIONS AGENCIES2.1 DEVELOPMENT AGENCIES2.1.1 The United Nations Development Program (UNDP)The largest multilateral source of funding technical assistance in the world voluntarily funded organization provides expert advice, training, and limited equipment to developing countries, with increasing emphasis on assistance to the least developed countries. UNDP's offices and staff are on the ground in 166 countries - working with governments and local communities to help them find solutions to global and national development challenges.UNDP links and coordinates global and national efforts to achieve the goals and national development priorities laid out by host countries. The major focus is on helping countries build and share solutions to the challenges of:* Democratic Governance* Poverty Reduction* Crisis Prevention and Recovery* Energy and Environment* HIV/AIDS.2.1.2 The United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)Provides...

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