Michelle Able Mrs. Perry Physical Science 9 Period 6 26 May 2013
United States Space Program NASA the United States space program started back in 1958 on July 29. NASA stands for
National Aeronautics and Space Administration. There have been many explorations in space. Space
exploration costs a lot of money. NASA has found out a lot of infomation about the planets, moon, stars,
asteroids, and outer space. There are many different opinions whether space exploration is necessary.
Some say it cost too much while others say that the cost does not matter and we need to explore in space.
To explore our outer space it costs too much. We don't need it we could spend it more usefully.
Some of the more important space explorations were when we first went into space and walking on
the moon. In 1958 the first American satellite was launched and it found a radiation belt. The first American
to go into space was Alan B Shepard in 1971. The first close pictures of the moon were taking in 1964, the
first close pictures of Mars were taking in 1965. In 1966 the first picture of the earth was taken from the
moon. Neil Armstrong and Edwin Aldrin were the first to walk on the moon in 1969. ("Timeline of space
exploration", 2013). The first pictures of Saturn were taken in 1986. 1983 was when the first women was in
space. She was Sally Ride. The first pictures of Uranus were taken 1986, and in 1989 the first pictures of
Neptune were taken. The oldest man in space was in 1998. (Alic,2002)
To explore outer space it costs a lot of money. To send one shuttle to space it cost $500-700
million dollars. For every pound it cost $10,000 dollars, the weight of the shuttle, your equipment, the
astronauts and everything you bring. It cost even more when you go to the moon. It cost ten time as much.
For every pound it cost $10,000 times 10. When you go to the moon it cost 100,000 dollars for every pound
in the shuttle. (Kaku, 2009). One of the space shuttles cost around 1.7 billion dollars to build. 450 million
dollars is a really cheap price to launch something into space.(Wiles, 2013). To make a 320 foot rocket it
cost 18 billion dollars. (Gale, 2013).
Allen Shepard was the first American in space. He achieved this American goal in 1961. On May
fifth he was the first American in space. (Gale, 2012). He took off at 9:34 in the morning after some
delays. In distance he went 303 statute miles. He was on the Freedom 7 Mercury capsule. He was in air
15-minutes. He went to an altitude of 116 statute miles. He reached a velocity of 5,134 miles per hour.
(Grinter, 2002) and (Galaxy wire , 2009)
Neil Armstrong and Edwin or Buzz Aldrin were the first people to walk on the moon. They did this
on July 20th in 1969. There was a third crew member with them but he did not walk on the moon. While
Neil Armstrong and Edwin Aldrin walked on the moon he orbited the moon by himself. The other person
who orbited the moon was Michael Collins. (Gale, 2012) and ("Timeline of space exploration", 2013)....