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United States Budget Deficit Essay

3778 words - 15 pages

United States Budget Deficit

"Spending financed not by current tax receipts, but by
borrowing or drawing upon past tax reserves." , Is it a good idea?
Why does the U.S. run a deficit? Since 1980 the deficit has grown
enormously. Some say its a bad thing, and predict impending
doom, others say it is a safe and stable necessity to maintain
a healthy economy. When the U.S. government came into existence
and for about a 150 years thereafter the government managed to keep
a balanced budget. The only times a budget deficit existed during
these first 150 years were in times of war or other catastrophic
events. The Government, for instance, generated deficits during the
War of 1812, the recession of 1837, the Civil War, the depression
of the 1890s, and World War I. However, as soon as the war ended
the deficit would be eliminated and the economy which was much
larger than the amounted debt would quickly absorb it. The last time
the budget ran a surplus was in 1969 during Nixon’s presidency.
Budget deficits have grown larger and more frequent in the
last half-century. In the 1980s they soared to record levels. The
Government cut income tax rates, greatly increased defense spending,
and didn’t cut domestic spending enough to make up the
difference. Also, the deep recession of the early 1980s reduced
revenues, raising the deficit and forcing the Government to spend much
more on paying interest for the national debt at a time when interest
rates were high. As a result, the national debt grew in size after
1980. It grew from $709 billion to $3.6 trillion in 1990, only one
decade later.

Increase of National Debt Since 1980 Month Amount
--------------------------------------------
12/31/1980 $930,210,000,000.00 *
12/31/1981 $1,028,729,000,000.00 *
12/31/1982 $1,197,073,000,000.00 *
12/31/1983 $1,410,702,000,000.00 *
12/31/1984 $1,662,966,000,000.00 *
12/31/1985 $1,945,941,616,459.88
12/31/1986 $2,214,834,532,586.43
12/31/1987 $2,431,715,264,976.86
12/30/1988 $2,684,391,916,571.41
12/29/1989 $2,952,994,244,624.71
12/31/1990 $3,364,820,230,276.86
12/31/1991 $3,801,698,272,862.02
12/31/1992 $4,177,009,244,468.77
12/31/1993 $4,535,687,054,406.14
...

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