American Hegemony Essay

2916 words - 12 pages

Whenever world politics is mentioned, the state that appears to be at the apex of affairs is the United States of America, although some will argue that it isn’t. It is paramount we know that the international system is shaped by certain defining events that has lead to some significant changes, particularly those connected with different chapters of violence. Certainly, the world wars of the twentieth century and the more recent war on terror must be included as defining moments. The warning of brute force on a potentially large scale also highlights the vigorousness of the cold war period, which dominated world politics within an interval of four decades. The practice of international relations (IR) was introduced out of a need to discuss the causes of war and the different conditions for calm in the wake of the first world war, and it is relevant we know that this has remained a crucial focus ever since. However, violence is not the only factor capable of causing interruption in the international system. Economic elements also have a remarkable impact. The great depression that happened in the 1920s, and the global financial crises of the contemporary period can be used as examples. Another concurrent problem concerns the environment, with the human climate being one among different number of important concerns for the continuing future of humankind and the planet in general.
In this paper, I will argue that the current system is hegemonial. My explanation to hegemony will then be centered on the sources of the United States as a hegemonial power. Furthermore, I will state the different primary implications associated with the rise of China and what the Roman Empire offers for understanding the United States role in international politics. Also, I argue that the United States of America is a hegemonic world power, but the rise of other superpowers (China, Russia…) doesn’t have to trigger a wrenching hegemonic transition and finally, I will argue that the Shangai Cooperation Organization represent an example of balancing in Central Asia and not balancing in global scale.


Dissimilarities between states on the basis of their power help act as an organizing principle within the international community. In this regard, the international system is hierarchal with the most powerful state handling issues at the top of the table while the lesser powerful states are at the bottom with their particular positions depending on their power level. The hegemon (influence or control over others), or the state at the top, sets the rules of international relations and upholds the international structure between states.
Those at the top of the hierarchal table, specifically the United States, continue to show influence on issues such as intervention, distributive justice through International institutions, nuclear issues to environmental...

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