United States in the Years 1860-1870
The United States between the years 1860-1870 was in turmoil, but from a historical point of view, this decade is one of the most exciting times in U.S. history. In 1861 there were still fifteen slave states, seven states open to slavery by the Dred Scott Decision and only eighteen free states in the north (Ferrell Atlas).
This was a time of growth and change in the U.S. For example in 1867 the U.S. purchased Alaska from Russia for a scant $7,200,000 (Museum). The Civil War was by far the most notable event to take place. Abraham Lincoln won the election for the Presidency of the United States in 1860. The most famous battle of the war, the Battle of Gettysburg took place in 1863; the Union army was victorious. Five years later in 1865, General Robert E. Lee surrendered to Ulysses S. Grant, ending the Civil War. Shortly after, the Thirteenth Amendment was signed and slavery was abolished in the U.S. (Museum). Despite the end of the war and the abolishment of slavery, many southerners are still angry at the north and the country still feels divided. Grant will go on to be elected as the eighteenth president in 1869 (Museum).
During the decade of the 1860?s there were many important events that occurred around the world. One accomplishment in particular that happened in 1869 was a huge achievement for mankind. In November the Suez Canal opened traffic for the first time. It was an engineering wonder which linked the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea. The canal was essential to the increase to strategic importance of Egypt to European powers (3). Another major world...