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United States' Involvement With Vietnam Essay

1475 words - 6 pages

United States' Involvement with Vietnam

Although there are no specific, reasons as to why the USA became
increasingly involved in the war, I can name many different reasons
and aspects as to why they did. These reasons all link together in
some way. These reasons range from long term to short term, and from
financial, to political, and finally to full scale war.

The origins of involvement can be traced back to the 19th century when
the French had added a huge part of South East Asia to their already
growing empire, this area was known as "Indo-China". During the Second
World War Japanese troops occupied this area, and it was ruled by the
Japanese. The population if Indo-China didn't like being ruled by
foreigners so resistance groups were set up, the most important of
these groups being the Viet Minh, who were a communist resistance
group led by Ho Chi Minh. On August 15, 1945 Japan surrendered Indo
China and South Vietnam was declared an independent republic. World
War Two was over, but the longest was of the 20th Century was about to
begin, the war in Vietnam.'

The reasons for Americas initial involvement in Vietnam date back to
1946 and the start of the cold war, between the two superpowers of the
world (communist Russia and capitalist America). America had started
to become very scared of Communism, as the spread of it would
completely destroy their countries economy. Later in 1946 during the
cold war America were in fear of the spread of communism in South East
Asia (the Viet Minh and Ho Chi Minh), and America pledged that they
would help any country in threat of communism to stop communism
"spreading", this was known as Truman's "containment" policy The
French were the first to seek this "aid" from America, who aided
France with $2 billion to help France defeat Communism in the north,
and to put a stop to Ho Chi Minh and the Vietminh. Also In 1949 China
became Communist and Russia tested their first nuclear bomb. This was
important because it meant that China could become another communist
superpower and communism now had nuclear weapons.

By continuing to aid France the USA started to become more and more
involved with the issues in Vietnam. The French needed to end the war
as quickly as they could but even with massive financial support from
the USA, they were defeated at Diem Bien Phu when the Vietminh put up
huge resistance. France then decided to pull out. This lead to the
USAs increasing involvement as France were no longer fighting the
Vietminh so the USA had to take over to defeat communism to stop it
spreading.

Peace talks were then held in Geneva and a peace agreement was set up,
dividing Vietnam into two sections, the North and the South. North
Vietnam was controlled by the Communist Vietminh and South Vietnam was
declared independent and was backed...

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