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United States' Involvement In The Vietnam War

1173 words - 5 pages

United States' Involvement in the Vietnam War

There are many reasons for American intervention in Vietnam whether it
is political causes, economic causes or military causes. The Americans
want to secure capitalism all over the world and get rid of communism.
The French used to run Vietnam in a capitalist manner. After the
Second World War France attempted to secure and control Vietnam once
more. France refused to recognize the democratic republic of Vietnam
that had been declared by Ho Chi Minh and fighting soon broke out
against the Vietminh and the French troops. The Vietminh had
difficulties coping with the French fighting power and technology.
Their situation improved in 1949 after Mao Zedong’s communist victory
over Chaing Kai-shek in China. The Vietminh now had a safer place were
they could take their wounded and train their soldiers. General Giap
was forced to organize a massive attack on the French at Dien Bien
Phu. While plans were being organized Giap brought up members of the
Vietminh from all over Vietnam. By the time the battle was ready to
start Giap had over 70,000 soldiers surrounding Dien Bien Phu. This
was five times the number of troops than the French. There was no way
the French could win. The Vietminh pushed the French right back until
they only occupied a small area of Dien Bien Phu. The French
surrendered on May 7th 1954. In April 1954 the foreign ministers of
the united states, the soviet union, Britain and France decided to
meet in Geneva to see if they could bring about a peaceful solution to
the conflicts. The following points were agreed: Vietnam would be
divided temporarily in two along the 17th parallel – the north under
Ho Chi Minh and the south under Ngo Dinh Diem. The Vietminh forces
would withdraw from the south and the French would pull out of the
north. And lastly, a date for the elections was fixed for July 1956.

The United States were getting really concerned about the elections
and whether communism (Ho Chi Minh) or capitalist (Ngo Dinh Diem)
would win. A touch of corruption in the Diem government sparked a
flame that would send US troops into Vietnam. The reasons why the US
became involved in Vietnam are as followed: The domino theory –
America was certain that if Vietnam fell into communism then the
surrounding countries e.g. Cambodia, Malaysia, Thailand would fall as
well which means America will lose all its economic aspects and trades
which would limit the amount of countries they can trade with, Failure
of the Geneva agreement, VC attacks on American air bases e.g. Pleiku,
Growing strength of NLF, Lots of money in south Vietnam (funding into
Diems army), Failure of US advisors, collapse of French Indo-China,
Failure of strategic hamlets, American fear of communism and US
weapons manufacturers saw a market for their products...

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