United States' Racial Issues and Past
In 1860 Abraham Lincoln became the President of the United States of
America. He was from the North, and so the Southern slave owners were
afraid to lose their slaves. Because of this they separated from the
USA to become the Confederate States. This sparked off a war between
the two ends of America, the North and South, it was called the
American Civil War. Eventually in 1865 Lincoln passed laws and his
Proclamation of Emancipation. This promised freedom to all of the
slaves in the Southern States. Black slaves were also allowed to fight
for the Northern army.
Now blacks were set free they had a whole load of possible
opportunities, but this new freedom that they had received had just
turned out to be a different form of slavery. Some of the things that
they gained were; land - it was known as share cropping, and all of
the freed slaves were able to keep the crops they grew. There were
schools made for blacks - these were set up by the Freedman’s Bureau
who set up 4000 schools, however, it was shut at a later year but 21%
of freed slaves could now read and write. As part of their freedom
blacks could also marry, they could worship freely and black men were
allowed to vote.
The Slavery Within Their Freedom
As blacks were given this amount of freedom the Southern States
‘hated’ it. They had hatred towards the blacks because of the rights
they were receiving. The Southerners actually found ways of going into
action because of what was happening, and they decided not to fund the
schools which forced them to be shut down. As well as this they were
burnt down and the pupils within them beaten by whites. It was not
only schools but share croppers, they were made to buy tools from
whites and this usually resulted in debt. So basically the whites
tried to trap the blacks in some way and make them suffer.
Blacks in the South found a difference between legal rights (dejure)
and what they were allowed to do (defacto). Even though the laws were
passed as black men being able to vote, they were still prevented from
doing so by violent whites who went around as armed gangs.
The result of all the events going on brought out the...