In my paper I will focus on the United States’ role in state formation in Saudi Arabia to understand importance of the Saudi Petrol in the U.S. economy with regard to recent debates about increasing oil production in the U.S. economy.
What are these debates about increasing oil production in the U.S. economy? According to, International Energy Agency (IEA) report, import oil dependence is decreasing while cruel oil production is increasing in the U.S. In 2035, U.S will be almost self-sufficient in energy . Increasing in domestic oil production causes to reduce country’s oil dependence to OPEC oil cartels. This is the natural cause of the increasing oil production. However, what is peculiar in this situation is that every OPEC country is not affected by the same rate of reduction. One of the countries that are not affected by high reduction rate is Saudi Arabia . The U.S. is still the top customers of Saudi oil . Therefore, the starting point of my research for my paper is to find why Saudi Arabia is indispensible for the U.S. For this, I decided to focus on state formation, and I scanned whole literature about the U.S. role in state formation in Saudi Arabia.
It is hard to find directly related researches about U.S role in the state formation in Saudi Arabia. On the other hand, there is plenty of works, which focus on state formation in Saudi Arabia, the United States-Saudi Arabia relations, Arabian American Oil Company or the rentier state theory. Therefore, it is like an unfinished puzzle that should been pieced together by collecting necessary parts of all related materials in these topics. This is what I did in my literature review.
Main problem at the beginning of my research is that I could not decide which time period of state formation process in Saudi Arabia should I focus on. Joseph Kostiner’s article Transforming Dualities: Tribe and State Formation in Saudi Arabia helped me to decide it. He mentioned about two periods that happens radical changes in Saudi Arabia history that leaded country in the state formation process. What he meant by saying radical changes is ‘territorial expansion, incorporation of new populations, infrastructural buildup and the improvement and entrenchment of the administration in society’ . This radical change periods followed by adaptation periods.
The period that happened territorial expansion and incorporation of new populations happened in Saudi Arabia is in between late 1910s and 1920s. The other period that included infrastructural buildup and improvement entrenchment of administration in society is in between late 1960s and 1970s . The article is every important in my term paper because especially it helped me to understand the infrastructural changes in Faisal’s rule. After I read Kostiner’s article, I learned transformation process of chieftaincy to state and details of radical changes in state formation process. I also decided to start point of my research for the term paper: Two periods of...