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United States' Withdrawal From Vietnam Essay

1740 words - 7 pages

United States' Withdrawal From Vietnam

America went to war in Vietnam with an aim of destroying the Vietcong
to protect South Vietnam from Communism. America was against communism
and they wanted to stop the spread of it. They did not achieve what
they set out to do as they had many boundaries in their way. Events
both inside and outside of Vietnam led to the withdrawal of American
troops from Vietnam. I am going to be looking at the reasons as to why
American troops were pulled out of Vietnam in 1973.

There were a number of problems facing the US Forces when fighting the
war in Vietnam. The Vietcong were fighting using guerrilla tactics:
fighting on a small scale, taking independent, irregular actions. The
Vietcong depended on craftiness, concealment and surprise attacks.
Guerrilla warfare spread as Vietminh soldiers who were trained and
armed in the north - the Vietcong, returned to their homes in the
South to assassinate, ambush and sabotage.

Unlike Usual wars in which the Americans may have fought, the war in
Vietnam had no defined front lines. Much of the fighting consisted of
hit and run attacks, with the guerrillas striking at government
outposts and then retreating into the jungles. This left the entire
American troops on the edge of their nerves; they were getting
frustrated with fear and were left feeling guiltier when striking the
innocent. The Morale of US Soldiers also was getting lower and lower.

One of the reasons I am going to start with is the Tet Offensive. This
was a festival celebrating the lunar New Year and turned out to be a
huge turning point of the war.

The Vietnamese were celebrating the Tet festival and so South
Vietnamthought that they too would also celebrate. This was because
they believed they had won the won and that their opponents would also
be celebrating the festival. However they couldn't have been more
wrong. North Vietnam were busy preparing an attack on their unaware
opponents.

The Tet offence turned out to be disastrous for North Vietnam as they
hoped that the Vietnamese in South Vietnam would help them to get rid
of the Americans. This did not happen and the Vietcong were struck
hard when they lost 30,000 men. The consequences of the Tet offence
were huge for American troops as the media got hold of footage of the
Tet offence, which they broadcast in USA. The footage they showed
portrayed American troops to be losing the war. Before the Tet offence
took place, the American Public thought America was winning the war.
So when they saw the footage of the Tet Offence their opinions
changed. One of the consequences of the Tet Offence was that Public
Opinion started to change.

Because of the coverage of the Tet offence which was shown by the
media, people in America started to believe that they were losing the
war and many...

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