Every person in the developed world uses communication technologies a daily basis, if not hourly basis. Communication technology has created the information super highway and has made the immense wealth of human knowledge available to everyone with an Internet connection. As a result, communications technology has expanded our scope of thought outside of our own singular community and has allowed us to glimpse into other cultures. We are using technology in diverse settings such as at home, at work, or even something more extreme like on the battlefield. Communication advances have allowed disabled workers to re-enter the workforce and assisted students in earning their degrees without ever stepping foot into a classroom. While communications technology has the capability to connect various units in a war-zone so that they may simultaneously plan and fight as one force, instead of fragmented pockets. In any case, the definition of humanity is always changing, but humans are the ones making these changes, not machines or microchips. Technological advances in communications have made information more accessible--seemingly ubiquitous--thereby connecting homogenous societies and creating a global community.
Communication technology has evolved exponentially over the millenniums laying the critical foundation needed for today's global society. Modern digital lifestyle and instant communication has its roots in interpersonal communication and group communication around the campfires of antiquity. Mankind's inherent need to spread opinions and information has led to such technological advances in this field as the moveable type printing press, the telegraph, mass circulation newspapers, and eventually the Internet. Each of these innovations has transformed smaller communities into regional, nationwide, and even global ones.
In the nineteenth century, the beginnings of media communication, as we know it today, began with the “penny papers” (Vivian, 2013). The penny papers took advantage of the innovations brought about by the Industrial Revolution and allowed for the mass production of newspapers using steam-powered printing presses. These new presses made thousands of newspapers a day and circulated through the densely populated cities of the United States like New York City, Chicago, and Boston. These cities also had a large population of European immigrants who used this new communication medium to learn English and assimilate into the American culture. Humanity was changing the way it views and identifies itself through the use of the newspaper. Isolated communities and cities connected through the sharing of new thoughts and ideas.
Around the time of the American Civil War, two more innovations in communication technology synthesized with the newspaper. The Trans-Atlantic telegraph cable connected Europe to the New World in 1858. Telegraphs transmitted news occurring on the other side of the world to major urban centers like New...