Unpaid Labour And Family Caring. Essay

2210 words - 9 pages

Topic 1: Unpaid Labour and Family CaringFor woman, 'morality is primarily about caring' (Hinman, 1998, Ethics: A Pluralistic Approach to Moral Theory, pp377), thus unpaid labour and family caring becomes primarily a woman's job. This essay analyzes theories and surveys that have been performed in conjunction with such a topic. It endeavors to demonstrate that experiences for men and women in consideration of unpaid labour and family caring are stereotypical. I aim to portray that unpaid labour and family caring are not equitably established responsibilities; the ethics of care playing a large part in such results. I shall also look at the disadvantages women are faced with in becoming mothers as a pose to those of men such as cost of their careers, time and financial status. Considering such work as the Australian Bureau of Statistics' findings in their survey 'Australian Social Trends 1994, Work - Unpaid work: Unpaid Household Work' (ABS, 1994, online: www.abs.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/94713ad445ff1425ca25682000192af2/e4a287d7adeb50b2ca2569ff0017f16c), I aim to utilize theories and statistics that provide evidence to my premise and intend to consider a review of government policies, namely the baby bonus, and how the government interplays the private side of life.According to the Australian Bureau of statistics, paid work is an 'activity that uses labour and other factors of production to produce goods and services for sale in the market' while unpaid work is labour that is not reimbursed with money due to the fact that no monetary gain is produced by the labour (ABS, 1994, Australian Social Trends 1994: Work - Unpaid Work: Unpaid Household Work, online: www.abs.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/94713ad445ff1425ca25682000192af2/e4a287d7adeb50b2ca2569ff0017f16c).Bittman and Pixley stated that 'domestic work remains women's responsibility even though most people believe that housework should be shared' (1997, The Double Life of the Family: Myth, Hope and Experience, pp145). Such contradiction relates to 'pseudomutuality'; the idea that beliefs in the family are contradicted when evidence is given as it is more comfortable and romantic to have a naïve perception. In beginning the Australian Bureau of Statistics' Time Use Survey, many of the respondents were found to believe that their households contained equality in household practices yet it was found that within households, chores are related to gender (Bittman et. al, 1997, The Double Life of the Family: Myth, Hope and Experience, pp147). Such contradictions also relate to Lukes' 'third dimension of power' which concerns the ideas that stereotypes and inbred beliefs are so formed within people that they do not even realize that they are present (Bittman et. al, 1997, The Double Life of the Family: Myth, Hope and Experience, pp167).Differences between men and women's chores may be related closely to our traditional inbred personas. Using Gilligan's ethic of care versus Kohlberg's ethic of justice, (Hinman,...

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