Unraveling The Issues Of Compensated Organ Donations

2067 words - 8 pages

Introduction
Compensated organ donations – one of the most controversial issues we have today. The scarcity of organ donations in America is the main reason there is a sudden diversion of possible source of organs. Beginning with donations of organs from cadaver to living donors, different strategies sprung just to reduce the said shortage; as a result of this quest, sale and paid organs is one of the approaches that gathered too much attention from the public. The controversy of paid organ donations entered the limelight when the state of Wisconsin offered incentives to the living donors. This law, which was created in the year 2004, grants tax deduction and repayment of donation expenses such as travel cost and lost earnings. Historically, neither property right to human corpse nor license to remove and transfer the organs of a cadaver is evident in the universal law. Hence, when transplants became possible, there were no legal systems that would allow individuals to donate their organs upon death for the purpose of transplants. To resolve this problem, UAGA or Uniform Anatomical Gift Act was publicized in the year 1968. This act grants individual the right to choose before death whether their organs will be donated or offered for transplants. In case, the individual can no longer decide because of his condition, the relatives have to right to decide for him. UAGA openly deals with organ donations but it is silent with the issue of sales and compensated organs. Buying and selling of organs remained unclear after the National Organ Transplant Act (NOTA) was approved in 1984. It improves the system of voluntary organ donation and prohibits the commercial markets of organs by turning it into a federal crime. Experts say that the act of buying and selling transplantable organs is morally wrong. There are socioeconomic disadvantages associated with this action. Moreover, it also violates human dignity because it treats the organs and human body parts as commodities. Not to mention the fact that such action weakens and demoted altruism. However, the real picture of compensated organ donations is actually the opposite of “unethical and self-interest”; it promotes life and therefore regarded as a good and moral deed.

Organ Donation’s Supply and Demand
Knowing the rate of supply and demand of organ donation helps in establishing a clear background about the issue. For instance, Monti (2009) explained the reality of supply and demand of kidneys. The supply of this organ coming from deceased and altruistic donors are not enough to support the demand of those individuals who are in need. Approximately there are 73,000 people who wait for kidney donations and 18 of those who are in the wait list will die by tomorrow. Accordingly, the list is being added by 6,000 individuals every year. An individual has to wait for five years before he/she can get an organ donation. The facts and figures presented by Monti shows that there is a big gap between the...

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