Kashmir has been an immense issue since 1947. This downfall came along side with the partition of India-Pakistan. Both countries have been fighting for this territory and yet the feud still continues. We are still in the midst of deciding whether it belongs to the Indians or Pakistanis.
Muslims and Hindus have been living together in Kashmir with peace and harmony. Later when the time came to draw a line between India and Pakistan the issue came to the naked eye when a decision had to be made about Kashmir being a part of India or Pakistan.
This decision had to be made because both the Muslims and Hindus resided in Kashmir. This led to a serious issue as both would revere the same saints and prayed at the same shrines. But after the 13th century Islam became a majority religion in Kashmir which gave an edge to the Pakistanis for making Kashmir their land. But the catch to this Muslim majority was that they were led by a Hindu leader which gave a strong point to the Indian leaders.
Although there was a clear Muslim majority in Kashmir before the 1947 partition the political developments during and after the partition resulted in a division of the region. The territory of Kashmir was contested even before India and Pakistan won their independence from Britain in August 1947. Under the partition plan Kashmir was free to accede to India or Pakistan. The maharaja, Hari Singh, wanted to stay independent but eventually decided to accede to India, signing over the key powers to the Indian government in return for military aid.
Under the partition plan Kashmir was free to remain independent or become a part of either India or Pakistan. The maharaja took the decision of joining forces with the Indians which Pakistani argue that he was forced to do by the Indians as they knew that Kashmir was and is a Muslim majority population territory. Pakistan also argued that Kashmiri’s were given a chance to decide their own future and the maharaja never consulted them. Since Muslims are a majority they claim that Kashmir should be a part of Pakistan. It was also pointed out by Pakistan that Indian governor general, Lord Mountbatten made it clear that this decision will be final only when the people of Kashmir vote in a plebiscite. Nonetheless India accepted this position without any such referendum to take place. The reason for India ignoring this plebiscite vote was that they feared that majority of the kashimiris would vote for Pakistan and they would fail to make it their land. Since then India and Pakistan have gone to war twice in 1947-8 respectively and again in 1965 in order to take the decision of where Kashmir stands. Ever since the first war a cease fire was declared and a Line of Control was drawn separating the two sides. The Indian controlled part of Kashmir Is called Jammu and...