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St. Peters Basilica St. Peters basilica In the Middle of the 15th century it was becoming very evident that the Old St. Peters Basilica was in a bad state. By this time it was more than a thousand years old. Pope Nicholas V began some foundations for a remodeling of the choir space, but after his death in 1455 nothing more was done until the election of Julius II in 1503. The original intent of Julius II was to continue propping up the old basilica and to rebuild only where necessary. Rebuilding instead of starting new was heavily favored by Julius II because he did not want to interfere with the sacredness of the site . But on the other hand, Julius II was dealing with the Roman Catholic Church's wants of staying ahead of the World in the budding renaissance architecture scheme.Given that old St. Peters Basilica was such a remarkable piece of Christianity, this whole situation could have easily been dealt with by preserving the old basilica by creating an immense structure surrounding it. Therefore the old basilica would not have to have been destroyed in order for a new larger basilica.Nevertheless, by 1506 Julius II had acquired the architect Bramante to help him design a new plan for a new building, which would replace the tattered St. Peters Basilica. The plan they had originally come up with, imitated the Greek cruciform plan of the old basilica, yet bigger. Throughout the 16th century there was controversy over the final form in which the church would be built; the centralized Greek cruciform plan or the shape of a Latin cross. The Latin cross plan designs for a more formal and longer nave for processions, while the Greek cruciform plan symbolizes the alter in a more formal manner. The final hand in dealing with the design was brought upon by the Roman Clergy. The clergy imposed on Bramante designing the building using the Latin cross shape.The Latin cross setup has many Christian liturgical advantages, particularly in that it provides a greater space for processions. Yet, it is quite wrong to assume that the Latin cross type represents a 'religious' type of plan. This is brought on by the fact that the Latin cross plan was used as an architectural mode, mainly to express the superiority of the dome that is placed in conjunction with the plan. In addition, the Latin cross form came about from holding up the domed structure. You can say that it mistakenly happened in order for the load forces to equal out in an efficient way. This brings me to state that the final form Bramante used was only trying to bring about the idea that the rebuilding of St. Peters is purely of architectural interest.This whole architectural interest and expedition was brought on by the fact that Rome wanted to expand its architecture features. During this century other countries were starting to develop more interesting Renaissance buildings and town centers. Causing a crave for Rome to stay atop the whole architectural advance. During the Renaissance the ideals of...

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