Untitled Essay

4918 words - 20 pages

Economic Integration of the Baltic Sea Region and the Passenger Traffic Issues Helsingin Yliopisto Baltic Cities August 2000 Christopher Dahlstrand and Devon Webster Table of Contents: I. Introduction 2 II. Goals of Economic Integration 2 III. VASAB 2010 3 IV. Öresund vs. Helsinki - Tallinn Link 4 V. Aviation Development in Scandinavia 7 VI. Conclusion 10 VII. Works Cited 11 I. Introduction Economic integration is not an easy task. This is clearly evident by its nature, and even more so a problem in the Baltic region where there have been so many political changes in recent history. We have seen the formation of three newly re-independent states, Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania. East and West Germany have been reunited to form a new nation. The communist governments of the former Soviet Bloc have been replaced by democracy. These changes have made economic integration not only more difficult, but also to some degree more necessary. Europe as a whole is becoming an economically integrated union, mainly in the nations of the European Union, but in non-member nations as well. Perhaps the best example of this phenomenon of economic integration is the introduction of a common European currency, the Euro. This more than anything signifies the changes and levels of increasing co-operation between European Union nations. A second example could be the creation of a common trade zone, with the creation of a common tax base and the abolition of import-export fees, and the creation of the 'common European market,' where business effectively get to treat the entire European Union as one state.Because economic integration has been a major issue in the new EU, there have been long lasting effects on the Baltic Sea region. For the purposes of this essay, we have chosen to examine the impacts of economic integration in the Baltic region in the transportation sector. This work will examine the meaning of economic integration, the VASAB 2010 project, and two case studies. These studies will be investigating aviation development in Scandinavia and its feasibility, as well as the possibility of a Helsinki- Tallinn link similar to the bridge-link opened in Öresund. Economic integration is impossible to address fully in a short essay, but hopefully this work will at least touch upon the important aspects effecting transportation issues with relation to economics in the Baltic Sea region.II. Goals of Economic Integration Definition Economic integration can be defined as an economic alliance or network based on co-operation, collaboration, flexibility, adaptation, risk and cost reduction, shared interests and objectives, closeness, openness, and a commitment between different countries on an integrating, ongoing basis.Explanation This rather technical definition essentially means that economic integration is the creation of a network of like-minded states who, together, design economic goals and work together to attain these goals. Economic integration can be...

Find Another Essay On Untitled

Untitled Essay

2241 words - 9 pages It's almost midnight and I still lay awake, outside my window I look at the broken sky, every night in the sky I look for a shining star, the one that I have not found yet. I don't quite remember where and when I lost it. It appears that my star has grown tired of this gruesome world and has lost its ability to shine. The sound of the angry rain pattering upon the rocky road like a thousand bombs that have lost their purpose. The tapping of the

Untitled Essay

1110 words - 4 pages VolcanosVolcanos occur all over the world.The best know volcano zones occur on the destructive plate margin around the Pacific Ring of Fire.This chain of volcanos that lie along the west coast of central and south America,Japan and the Philippines,across New Zealand and into the Atlantic.Volcanos also occur in mid-ocean along the line of ocean ridges.The Mid-Atlantic Ridge is an example of ocean floor volcanos.When these volcanos erupt lava flows

Untitled

1372 words - 5 pages April 28, 1997 "Legalization of Marijuana" Cannabis sativa or marijuana has been cultivated for over 5,000 years. The plant spreads like milkweed and will eventually run out any other plants nearby. In the wild, or grown with care marijuana can grow to be 3 - 20 feet high. The plant itself can be used for rope, material, medicine or for smoking. But, whatever way you choose to use this plant, it is illegal.It was made a law in the early 1900's

Untitled - 1311 words

1311 words - 5 pages INDUSTRY STUDIES QUESTION 1. (a) Student -centred learning could be described as student-independence learning. The student has to some degree the ability to choose the time and place of study, the methods and order of studies and can vary his pace of study as well as the length of his studies to suit his needs. Student-centred learning puts the students needs to a large extent first. Having a learner-centred approach gives students options in

Untitled - 525 words

525 words - 2 pages A Stranger is WatchingA Stranger is Watching is a terrific book. I enjoyed reading this book very much. The non-stop action kept me reading for hours.One of the best features of the book is how it was written.The point of view changes every chapter.For example Chapter 1 is written in the point of view of the infamous Foxy character.Chapter 2 is written in the point if view of our protagonist, Steve; and so on.I also liked how the author built the

Untitled - 2141 words

2141 words - 9 pages The Positive and Negative Effects of Immigration Ryan Bohn Mr. DiMauro Government Period 1/2 B Immigration Ryan Bohn Government Period 7/8 A During the first 2 million years of the United States' history, the human population was a minor element in the world ecosystem, with at most 10 million members. One Hundred thousand years ago, with the dawning of the Stone Age, the number of human beings began to increase more rapidly. The relative

Untitled - 590 words

590 words - 2 pages Society has always placed a great emphasis upon the importance of a woman's appearance, and through that emphasis women have instinctively been taught to measure their self-worth in terms of the image they present, even more so than their intelligence. They have been given rigid and challenging standards to live up to, standards that are usually unrealistic, unattainable, and disheartening. Many women spend a large majority of their lives

Untitled - 2162 words

2162 words - 9 pages December 11,2001 MY INTERNSHIP Through out my one hundred and twenty-hour experience with the Gloversville Police Department, I learned many skills, values and the ways of this Police Department. Many of the calls and situations I went to often could relate to a certain theory that I learned in any of my law classes. I would recommend any student majoring in Criminal Justice to try to take an internship with a local law enforcement agency. I am

Untitled - 881 words

881 words - 4 pages Iroquois Culture In order to fully understand and appreciate a culture different from one's own, one must first have a grasp on ethnocentrism and how it can change thoughts and viewpoints. Ethnocentrism is a term used when someone is judging a culture's ethics or way of life based upon his or her own belief structure or cultural values. Granted, being ethnocentric is not necessarily something to be ashamed of; everyone does it as a part

Untitled - 1763 words

1763 words - 7 pages The Very Basics Curling is played on ice with (approximately) 42-pound granite stones. The size of the playing surface (a 'sheet') is 138 feet long by approximately 14 feet wide. The goal is, after all 16 stones are played (8 by each team), to have a stone of your team's closest to the center of the house, called the 'tee' (see above). This is accomplished by sending your stone to rest in scoring position (a 'draw'), by knocking your opponent's

Untitled - 1308 words

1308 words - 5 pages Nicholas Pantazelos Marketing Principles Jamba Juice Feburary/5/2002 Marketing often comes down to making your customers intelligent enough to buy your products or services. They have to understand what it is you're selling, how it'll help them, and how much better it is than any other solution. Jamba Juice is a leading juice and smoothies retail chain in the country. Started in 1990, originally called The Juice Club, their stores are now open in

Similar Essays

Untitled Essay 1058 Words

1058 words - 5 pages The park is beau’iful in winter, thought Thomas, shivering slightly in the frosty breeze. Bu’ I wish there were somefin to brigh’en the dull colours. It’s so… dead-lookin’. His red scarf whipped about his face, blinding him momentarily; he swatted it away, folding the ends between his arms, before continuing on his way home. While he was walking, he pretended he was a tight-rope walker in the circus; one toe in front of the other, stepping

Untitled Essay 1510 Words

1510 words - 7 pages All she sees are the reeds whispering soft, sweet, crooning, kind words while her parents shout loud, bad-mouth, I TOLD YOU THIS AND I TOLD YOU THAT. Harsh, chemical, acid burning hate they propel at each other each day while she lays in the soft grass. Their words are melting the sugar off the bare, candy-cane box-cut home. “Cuz we’re poor, baby, we’re filthy poor, and you and your new shoes ain’t helpin’.” Money. It always comes back to

Untitled Essay

1801 words - 8 pages Arab spring, the domino effect in the Muslim countries in the Middle East leading to violent and non-violent movements either being successful or not, depending on the relative countries. It is difficult for one to understand this whole predicament in the broad aspect, therefore for this particular reason the focus will be on two countries where in one non-violent movements were successful and in the other violence had to be used for their to be

Untitled Essay

1266 words - 6 pages The first thing you notice about these places is the putrid smell. Every den reeks of desperation, the smell of men and women who gave up on existence long ago. The splitting headache makes it hard to open my eyes, besides what’s the point; it always looks as bad as the aroma it puts off. I’ve grown accustom to the sense offending hell holes that are sloth dens but you never truly get use to it, it just becomes easier to ignore over time. Looking