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Plan Juridique Cette partie du dossier se divise en trois parties : · Les caractéristiques de la SARL · Les caractéristiques de la gérance, · Les formalités et obligations légales à suivre, · Les statuts de la SARL « Le Jardin des Muses ».Nous avons choisi de créer une société à responsabilités limités pour deux raisons principales : · la responsabilité des associés est limité à leurs apports et n?exige pas de condition de capacité particulière, · le gérant minoritaire bénéficie des avantages ...view middle of the document...

Un incapable peut souscrire des parts sociales par l'intermédiaire de son représentant légal. L'acte est considéré comme un placement de capitaux.Les étrangers ne peuvent être gérants d'une SARL que s'ils sont titulaires d'une carte de commerçant étranger. Toutefois, les ressortissants des pays membres de la CEE sont dispensés de cette obligation.«La nullité de la société ne peut résulter ni d'un vice du consentement, ni de l'incapacité des associés à moins que celle-ci n'atteigne tous les associés fondateurs» (article 360, loi du 24 juillet 1966).L'objet et la cause Conformément à l'article 1126 du Code civil, l'objet du contrat est « la chose qu'une partie s'oblige à donner ou qu'une partie s'oblige à faire ou à ne pas faire ». Ce sont donc les apports faits par les associés qui devraient constituer l'objet de la société.L'objet doit être déterminé, possible et licite.Désignation La SARL est désignée par une dénomination sociale, suivie de l'indication : «Société à responsabilité limitée» ou SARL, et du montant du capital social. 1.2.2. Les conditions de forme Le contrat de société doit être formulé par écrit : c'est « le pacte social ». Il constitue par la suite les statuts de la société. La nécessité d'un écrit s'impose en raison de la complexité du contrat, mais de plus il permet : · de constituer une preuve de l'existence de la société ; · de servir de support à la publicité qui est faite pour informer les tiers de son existence ; · de demander l'immatriculation de la société au RCS.Les mentions suivantes doivent obligatoirement figurer dans les statuts : · forme juridique, durée, dénomination sociale, siège social, objet, montant du capital social ; · évaluation de chaque apport en nature s'il y en a ; · répartition des parts entre associés ; · mention du dépôt des fonds correspondant aux apports en numéraire ; · mention de la libération des parts sociales.D'autres clauses sont pratiquement indispensables. Elles précisent, par exemple : · les pouvoirs des gérants ; · le mode de consultation des associés ; · la répartition des résultats, etc.L'acte peut être authentique ou sous seing privé. 1.2.3. Les conditions spécifiques au contrat de société Deux conditions découlent de l'article 1832 du Code civil : la nécessité des apports à la société de...

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