Homework Assignment 2
Monday Night Class
There are three ways of communicating within a criminal justice system: downward, upward, and horizontal. All movements of communication refer to the hierarchy, or chain of command. Downward communication starts with a superior officer and flows down through the ranks to whoever the information is going to. There are five types of downward communication within a criminal justice organization.�
1. Job Instruction - Communication relating to the performance of ...view middle of the document...
Other reasons for communicating downward are opportunities for administration to clarify�
objectives and goals, gather opinions from employees, to prevent misunderstandings from lack of information, and to prepare employees for change.�Upward Communication�is the process of information flowing from the lower levels of a�hierarchy to the upper levels. This type of communication�is becoming more and more popular in organizations as traditional forms of communication are becoming less popular. Horizontal communication is information exchange between departments or functional units, as means of coordinating their activities. Communication between people at the same level in an organization, community or peer group, usually as a means of coordinating efforts. The main objectives of horizontal communication are developing teamwork, and promoting group coordination within an organization. It takes place between professional peer groups or people working on the same level of hierarchy. Horizontal communication is less formal and structured than both downward communication and upward communication, and may be carried our through informal discussions, management gossip, telephone calls, teleconferencing, videoconferencing, memos, routine meetings and so on.