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Urban Geography: Chile Essay

1996 words - 8 pages

Chilean Landscape
Chile is located along the southwestern coast of South America and has the Andes Mountains on one side and the Pacific Ocean on the other. The landscape in Chile offers diversity from deserts, forests, rivers, glaciers and valleys. Chile has three different climate zones and they experience a variety of seasons to support their primary sector of agriculture and produce variety of fruits including grapes to manufacture wine. ("Chile facts and," 2007)

Population Density: Urban or Rural?
Urbanization trends started occurring in Chile in 1930. Migration from the rural areas and the Andes Mountains transplanted Chileans to the urban center of Santiago. “Ocean transportation and shipping were vital to the north-south movement of people and goods up to the twentieth century.” (“Chile-urban areas,”) The Chilean people moved from the rural to urban areas and remain predominantly urbanized today.
Chile’s population increased from 11 million to 14 million from 2001 to 2005. (“Urban population,” 2010) The population is dispersed primarily in the urban areas. By 1991, eighty-six percent of the population lived in the urban areas. ("Chile- urban areas,") Urban areas provide the Chilean people with employment as well as needed goods and services for daily living. “In 2005 the urban population was 87%. The projected urban population in 2015 is 90%.” ("Chile an urban,")

Rapid Urbanization and Historical Influences
Rapid urbanization trends occurred as stated in the middle nineteenth century and Chilean cities grew. Industrialization also impacted the economy and the urban development during this century. (“Chile- urban areas,”) The increase in both migration and industrialization had a great impact on the migration of middle-class society. The primary sector of “mining copper and nitrates ¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬was a prominent factor in the start of trade unions and also segregation of the middle and upper-class society.” (Chile- urban areas,”) This segregation of the economy also affected urbanization as the wealthy had the means to migrate together based on their proximity to their jobs and their economic wealth. The middle to lower class Chilean’s migrated as they had the jobs and resources to migrate to the urban areas.
The segregation of the wealthy mine workers and the middle class impact patterns of urbanization. The wealthy have urbanized from the center of Santiago to the leading outward like “a road or spine lined with businesses and wealthy suburbs which are in Vitacura and Providencia.” ("Residential patterns and,"¬) Vitacura and Providencia are communes on the north-east and north side respectively of Santiago that has the wealthiest individuals and is full of private schools and fashion trends including architecture. ("Digital globe," 2010)

Population Density in Cities and Agglomerations
Currently land is distributed in “agglomerations of twenty-thousand people in a given land area...

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