Urban Growth Of Cities Essay

2458 words - 10 pages

[Type text] Mohamud Abdullahi 1023884
Urban Growth of Cities:Econ339-09AAssignment oneThe year 2007, became what is known as a historical land mark, it is the year by which the majority of the worlds population went from living in rural areas to living in urban areas. The urban changes and movement of urban dwellers in the last 50 years has caused the rural population of the world to relocate, thus causing cities to reach sizes that are historically unprecedented. Urban changes however are still taking place, and large cities in developed countries are growing rapidly. The United Nations estimates that all world wide growth will be in urban areas in 2030. The essence of this essay is to analyse and explain why large cities in developed countries are growing rapidly. The primary goal of the essay is to explain the pattern by which the urban growth occurs. In order to understand the changes and the rapid urban growth of cities, we need to know the process by which urbanization began, in that respect this essay will explain the process by which urbanization and urban growth occurred. To conclude why large cities are currently growing rapidly, we'll outline the major effects of growth in terms of land price and the urban location of people and activities.The Urbanization Process:The idea of cities according to John Palan (2008) is relatively a new one, based on archaeological research; the human species have been around for several million years. Despite the length of our existence, for the most part we have lived in a world with out cities. The first city from the beginning of our civilisation only occurred at the end of the last ice age 11,000 years ago (Palen, 2008). The epoch of cities encompasses the period by which civilisation began, the age by which all of human triumphs and tragedies began (Palen, 2008). The city in the era of cities represented all that was civilised; and an era where civilisation was the feature of cities and those outside the city were barbarians (Palen, 2008).The early notion of the cities and civilisations built the foundation for the emergence of the magnificent cities of the past, which ironically were small islands surrounded by rural sea (Palen, 2008). Cities however progressed and acquired little population, by 1800 the worlds population was 97% rural and by 1900, cities population grew by over 10% and the rural population of the world was 86%. During the late 1800 5.5% of the world's population in cities, accommodated a 100,000 or more inhabitants and 13.6% of the world population lived in small cities/town with 5000 or more inhabitants. By 1900 the cities population began accelerating and today for the first time in history the world is more urban than rural, it is a century regarded as the worlds first urban century.The first urban transformation happened during the 19th century and early 20th century and, initially took place in Europe and countries mostly advanced by European settlements, like the United...

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