This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Urbanization In Romania During The Twentieth Century Up To Today

1168 words - 5 pages

Hancong Jiang
Econ 225
Professor Stahnke
Urbanization in Romania
Our group is presenting the economic development of Romania. My part includes four topics. They are urbanization, the industrial manufacturing, agriculture economy and informal economy. All of them increased rather rapidly after the fall of the communism. Although the industrial manufacturing in Romania decreased tremendously at first, it later increased.
In the urbanization part, there are statistics showing the annual rates of urban population change in Romania from the pre-world war I period to nowadays. During the pre-first world war period, the annual rate of urban population change was 1.4 per cent and the urban population was 17% of the total population. And during the1941-1948 period, there was a decline of the urban population. That was because of the war and the famines in 1946 and 1947 and the political and economic turmoil after the war. And during 1966-1977 period, the annual growth rate of the urban population increased to 3.12 which is influenced by the administrative reform of 1968. Nowadays, the rate of urbanization is 65% and the urban population is 52.8% of total population. The population in the urban sector keeps increasing.
With the growth in urban sector, the industrial manufacturing in Romania also changes a lot. Here is a graph of the Evolution of Industrial Production and GDP. The blue line in the graph represents the Industrial Production, which shows us the general situation of the Industrial manufacturing in Romania from 1990 to 2010 (Figure 2).

We can see that the Industrial production decreases from 1990-1999 and then increases. That the Industrial production decreases is mainly because of the fall of communism in 1989. During the post-war period, Romania’s industrial manufacturing was state-owned. It was controlled by the central government. There is remarkable development at that time. However, after the fall of communism in 1989, there came the substantial reduction in manufacturing. It is recorded that the industrial production decreases 23.7% when compared to the year before 1990. And the industrial production continues to decreases in 1997 with a decrease rate at 4.9%. In 1999, the production reaches the minimum level, which is 44% of the production recorded in 1989. We can see from the graph that the industrial production in 1999 is lowest in all time and is less than half of 1989’s (1989=100%). Nowadays, the industrial manufacturing in Romania increased continuously. That is because of the development of automotive production, electrical motors and metal forming. In 2008, the industrial manufacturing has 22.8% share in GDP. And in 2011, the industrial manufacturing share reaches 26.5% in GDP.
The next topic is the Agriculture Economy. Here is a picture of the land use in Romania. From the picture, the dark green part is the forests and the shallow green part represents meadows and pastures. Yellow part shows urban or...

Find Another Essay On Urbanization in Romania During the Twentieth Century up to Today

Immigration patterns of the United States. This essay deals with the the role of women, labor conditions, and the growth of labor unions during the late nineteenth and early twentieth century

627 words - 3 pages Immigration Patterns of the United StatesDuring the late nineteenth century and early twentieth century, America had changed focus from agriculture to industry, and people moved from rural to urban areas. People were searching for jobs, and many settled for careers in mining, factory work, and other industrial professions. The cities soon became very overcrowded, which brought about a major problem with pollution. The working conditions were

Twentieth Century Evolves to the Twentieth First

880 words - 4 pages tomography, otherwise called CT scans, magnetic resource imaging, or MRI, ultrasound, and positron emission tomography (PET). Technology in surgical care from the twentieth century has advanced greatly in the twenty-first century, but they share many similarities. Improvements to patient care and inventions are constantly evolving today as they were in the twentieth century. The costs of medical care and effectiveness are still a major concern for

Italy in the Twentieth Century

764 words - 3 pages Italy in the Twentieth Century Only thirty years after the Piedmontese army marched into Rome to unite Italy under one government, the country suddenly found itself on the brink of the twentieth century and a rapidly changing world. The twentieth century would mark the beginning of great changes throughout Europe, and Italy would not be left untouched. What set the stage for these changes, though, were the years just prior to, and

Canada In The Twentieth Century

606 words - 2 pages the electricity use in poorer countries around the globe.In conclusion, I belief that I have clearly stated my position on the Canadian foreign policy. Canada's foreign policy should be based to the significant extent on global concerns. Canada in the twentieth century will have a unique identity all over the globe.

Women in the Twentieth Century

931 words - 4 pages After the success of antislavery movement in the early nineteenth century, activist women in the United States took another step toward claiming themselves a voice in politics. They were known as the suffragists. It took those women a lot of efforts and some decades to seek for the ratification of the Nineteenth Amendment. In her essay “The Next Generation of Suffragists: Harriot Stanton Blatch and Grassroots Politics,” Ellen Carol Dubois notes

Advances in Cloning in the Twentieth Century

1179 words - 5 pages loning may sound like science fiction, but it is very real. There were many advances in cloning in the twentieth century. The climax was when scientists successfully cloned a sheep in 1996.(11) Advances stopped when scientists asked themselves whether or not it is ethical to attempt to clone a human. The same question is asked 
of lawmakers today. The debate is a very complicated and is one that could change the course of our society. The United

The architectural movement in the twentieth century

1086 words - 4 pages incessantly challenging their abilities of design, creativity and science to up bring architecture.Bibliography/ReferencesPrimary SourceInterview with an Architect, Helen Paul - What is the architectural movement in the twentieth century?Secondary SourcesBookHowarth E. (1990), Crash Course in Architecture. United Kingdom, Great BritainGympel J. (1996), The Story of Architecture, From Antiquity to the Present. Konemann, GermanyWebsiteWoods L. (2007

Dance In The Early Twentieth Century

1928 words - 8 pages . Scheherazade is one of Fokine’s greatest works and was a staple in the evolution of ballet during the early twentieth century, but it still contributed in some level to the furtherance of stereotypes through the use of blackface. Another of Fokine’s ballets, Petrushka, also included a character that performed in blackface. During the third scene, the role of Moor, a brutish exhibitionist, is seen on stage attempting to open a coconut while displaying

Women’s Groups In The Twentieth-Century

1482 words - 6 pages The twentieth-century would see important changes to the working rights of women. In 1900, women make up 18.3% of the American labor force a number that would continue to rise throughout the century. In 1920 women accounted for 12% of the professional sector. Despite the increasing numbers of women wage earners, in the twentieth-century, the federal government was not doing enough promote equality for women; as a result, women would form

Portrayal of Women in the Twentieth Century

1050 words - 4 pages The role of females during much of the Twentieth Century is domestic. Two well-known authors during this time period have conflicting views of how women fulfill these roles. In F. Scott Fitzgerald’s The Great Gatsby and John Steinbeck’s The Grapes of Wrath, the women portray two very different perspectives on the roles of women within families and the values they instill within their families. The value the women share about money is one of

Propaganda in the Early Twentieth Century

951 words - 4 pages In the aftermath of World War I, global cynicism towards government, poor direction and a disordered economic situation powered political revamps and allowed the creation of numerous tyrannical governments. The most dominant emerging powers at the time were the communist USSR emerging from the Russian empire, The National Fascist Party in Italy, and the National Socialist Party in Germany. Not to be underestimated were countries like Japan

Similar Essays

Discuss The Development Of – And Contrasting – Approaches To Psychological Realism In Actor Training During The Twentieth Century

1262 words - 6 pages Psychological Realism was used experimentally in the 19th century to make theatre more useful to society. At the time, the mainstream theatre was still tied up in Melodrama. The type of acting at this time was very much exaggerated, for example, if a character had misplaced their keys or another action that in real life might aggravate someone, an actor in a melodramatic piece would be in hysterics, screaming or crying, extremely exaggerated

Consider The Relationship Between The Growth Of Industry In The Twentieth Century And The Increasing Use Of Bureaucratic Forms Of Organisational Structure During The Same Period

1709 words - 7 pages system of bureaucracy but would not follow it up with procedures and actions necessary to run a business in this style. As a result they had no understanding of how bureaucracy worked, and often lead to the failure of many organisationsTherefore whether or not bureaucracy was the answer to the growth of industries in the 20th century would have depended on the industrial sector that the organisation was involved in, and the managerial resources available to them.

Impressionism And The Twentieth Century (Important) I Cant Remember If I Have Submitted This Essay Or Not So...I Guess You Will Have To Look It Up Website Dudes!!!

7717 words - 31 pages in the mid-twentieth century.History of the technique's useFounded by Austrian composer Arnold Schoenberg in 1921 and first described privately to his associates in 1923, the method was used during the next twenty years almost exclusively by the Second Viennese School (Alban Berg, Anton Webern, Hanns Eisler and Arnold Schoenberg himself).Schoenberg's idea in developing the technique was for it to "replace those structural differentiations provided

History Exam Question: How Did Canada Grow Up During The 20th Century?

1221 words - 5 pages The most multi-cultural, peaceful, respected, independent and accomplished country in the world. Canada's long and hard struggle of survival, from starting off with nothing, to building itself bit by bit, Canada has deserved all of the recognition it receives today. The story behind what makes us proud to be Canadian, the hardships and accomplishments, of the best country in the world, Canada. During the 20th century Canada developed to what it