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Urinary System Essay

1292 words - 6 pages

INTRODUCTION
According to Stanfordchildrens.org (2014), the Urinary System, is a complex assembly of different organs that all together have the main function of excrete the waste from the bloodstream, regulate hormones that control other parts of the body and balance the water in the body. Urea is the name given to the waste obtained from the filtration of the blood. However, urine is the final product that is expelled from the body. The urinary system is the organism in charge to convert urea into urine. The urinary system is made of several parts that include two kidneys, two ureters, the bladder, the urethra and nephron. The malfunction of any part of the urinary system can lead with ...view middle of the document...

Researches have found proof that Glomerulonephritis gets worsen quickly, causing more damage to the kidneys. The treatment needed to control Glomerulonephritis depends on the level of damage presented (Mayo Clinic 2014).

DISCUSSION
Structures
According to Healthline.com (2014), the ureter is the organ in charge to transport urine from kidney to urinary bladder. In the human urinary system, two ureters are present. The first one includes the abdomen and the lower part of the pelvic area. It is a 12 inches long tick contractible tube. The bladder, also know as the urinary bladder, is an organ that can increase or decrease it size. This movement depends on its capacity. When the bladder is full, it expands and vice versa. Its major function is to excrete the urine.
The organ that follows the urinary bladder is called the urethra. Its major function is to excrete the urine to the outside of the body. The urethra acts differently in male or female bodies. In males during sexual contact, it is a conduct for semen. The urethra’s length is another difference between men and women bodies. The urethra in women has a length of 4cm, while the urethra in men has a length between 15cm to 29cm (News-medical.net 2014).
According to Innerbody.com (2014), nephron is made of several parts. One of them is the distal tubule; also know as distal convoluted tubule. Its major function is the reabsorption of sodium. It can be found at the distal part of the nephron. Another important part of the nephron is the glomerular capsule, also known as the Bowman’s capsule. The Bowman’s capsule includes two layers. The first layer, which is in the inside called the inner layer, and the second one, the outer layer are connected to each other and with the renal tubule.

Cystocele
According to NewYork-Presbyterian (2014), Cystocele causes numerous symptoms such as pelvic fullness, aching and lower back pain. People who suffer from Cystocele also experience difficulties that affect their sexual lives. However, women with Cystocele see their lives affected because they experience urine leakage with everyday activities such as standing, lifting, coughing or laughing. Patients with Cystocele have to be very careful with ordinary activities if they want to avoid accidents.
Cystocele is divided in three levels of damage. Cystocele grade one is considered when the bladder drops a short way into the vagina. In Cystocele grade two, more severe that grade one, the bladder drops a longer way, and it touches the opening of the vagina. The last level of damage is Cystocele grade three. It is considered the most severe of all levels of damage because the bladder drops all the way passing trough the opening of the vagina (NewYork-Presbyterian 2014).
In severe cases such as Cystocele grade two or three, the bladder creates a bulge in the vagina that can be seen or felt from physical examination. Additionally to a physical test, people who think they have Cystocele can...

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