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Us 1 History Midterm Study Guide...Might As Well Help Other People It Is A Guide To Everything On My Midterm Review Sheet

4091 words - 16 pages

US 1 mid-term study guide-Chapter 1: the Atlantic worldNomadic: people who move around all the time looking for food.Bering Strait: body of water between lands ancestors of Native Americans crossed the land bridge to North America.Land bridge: ex: before where people crossed overMiddle ages: was a time of Black Death.Crusades: series of wars undertaken by European Christians between the 11th and 14th cent. To recover the Holy Land from the Muslims.Renaissance: a time of rebirthMonarch: a govt. when someone rules over a kingdom, like a king or queenCompass: advance of European technology helped on shipsPrinting press: advance of European technology to print newspaper.King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella: gave Christopher Columbus money for coming to AmericaChristopher Columbus: discovered AmericaSlavery: Africans and Native Americans used as slavesSmallpox: disease given to Native AmericansThree G's: reasons for exploration are god, glory and goldColumbian exchange: 'It was a meeting of civilizations which previously had no idea of each other's existence.'The long-term effects:Brought the potato, the pineapple, the turkey, dahlias, sunflowers, magnolias, maize, chilies and chocolate across the Atlantic.On the other hand, tens of millions died in the pandemics of the 16th century, victims of smallpox, measles and the other diseases brought by Europeans (and don't forget that the African slave trade was begun by the Europeans, to replace the work force they had decimated).Chapter 2: European colonization of the AmericasConquistador: an adventurer military leader in the Spanish conquest of the New World in the 16th cent. Francisco Pizarro, the conqueror of Peru, and Hernán Cortés, the conqueror of Mexico, were the greatest of the conquistadors. The name is frequently used to mean any daring, ruthless adventurer.Colony: British colonies that became 13 states of United States group of people who leave their native country to form in a new land a settlement subject to, or connected with, the parent nation.Mission/missionaries: Someone who tries to make people agree with their opinions a person strongly in favor of a program, set of principles, etc., who attempts to persuade or convert others. Native Americans were forced to convert by missionaries.Pueblo Revolt of 1680:, also known as "Pope's Rebellion," was an uprising of the Native American Pueblos against the Spanish who were expelled from the territory.Sir Francis Drake: pirate who worked for England to look for Northwest Passage, wanted to get new goods and make markets, and wanted a base. English navigator and admiral, first Englishman to circumnavigate the world (1577-80).House of Burgesses: the assembly of representatives in colonial Virginia. First govt. that began in America.Indentured servant: a person who is bonded to work for another person in exchange for traveling expenses.Nathaniel Bacon and Bacon's rebellion: One hundred year before the Revolutionary War, Nathaniel Bacon, a...

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