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Us And Japanese Strategy In The Battle Of Iwo Jima

928 words - 4 pages

U.S. Strategy
The American forces plan consisted of a “divide and conquer” methodology. The U.S. focused on landing its assault force expediently and quickly and securing Mt. Suribachi and dominant high ground of the island. The Americans expected victory in less than a week. Their forces consisted of the 3rd, 4th and 5th Marine Divisions. The 4th and 5th Marine Divisions were to land on the eastern beaches the 4th on the right and the 5th on the left. The 3rd Marines would either land on the eastern beaches or assume a defensive role, which ever was called (Planning for the Battle of Iwo Jima, n.d.).
Though their whole defense was based on the waves themselves. Sixty-eight Tracked ...view middle of the document...

1) The Japanese did not fight above ground. They fought the entire battle from beneath the ground. They dug 1,500 rooms into the rock that were connected by 16 miles of tunnels. 2) Japanese strategy called for “no Japanese survivors.” They planned not to survive the war. 3) Japanese strategy was for each Soldier to kill 10 Americans before they themselves are killed (The Battle – Japan’s Iwo Jima Strategy, n.d.). On top of that, Iwo Jima would have to be reinforced significantly if it were going to be held for any length of time, and preparations were made to send sizable numbers of men and quantities of materiel to that island.
In June of 1944, Lieutenant General Kuribayashi arrived on Iwo Jima to find discover a rivalry between the Army and the Navy. By late July, Kuribayashi had evacuated all civilians from the island and sent back officers he considered uncooperative. The civilians and the incorporating officers were no use to him and would only drain the water and food supplies. After these acts were completed, he began his act in building the fortress. Kuribayashi split Iwo Jima into five sectors. He would control the mountain area himself and would be leaving the volcano and its 200 men as an independent command under Colonel Atsuli. Kuribayashi's departure had been normal practice for the Japanese Imperial Army, but he predicted that American air and naval bombardments would destroy any defenses on the beaches.
In order for the defense to be a success support was needed from the air and sea, which the Japanese Imperial Navy did not have. However, other military branches demanded that Kuribayashi see to it, pillboxes were being built at the beach as a token measure. In the process there were also blue prints being made for underground tunnels...

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