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American Anticommunism During The Cold War

1243 words - 5 pages

Subsequent to the conclusion of the treacherous Second World War,
America prepared itself for a period of peace. This peacetime was
short-lived, as America’s tolerance for communism receded this issue
became the forefront for American concern. The United States of
America, also referred to as the USA or US, regarded communism as a
strategic threat due to its hostility to private property and free
markets, policies that many Americans associate directly to political

Throughout the intense period in history identified as the Cold War,
America’s attention was, for the most part, politically and
economically occupied by the threat of global left wing expansion and
methods aimed towards the prevention of such an occurrence.
McCarthyism, the Marshal Plan and the Truman Doctrine are a few of the
tactics employed by the USA as a form of resistance against communism.

The constant fear of communism was largely intensified following the
declaration of Chinas political status, the Korean War and the
Rosevelt's case. Julius and Ethel Rosevelt were trialed and convicted
of treason to the state in the early nineteen forties. Author S.
M.Harrison confirms that many historians believed that if America was
ever to be defeated, it would not be by enemies from without, but
enemies from within. The couple were executed for delivering
confidential American nuclear information to the soviets. The soviet
denotation of the possession of atomic power further heightened the
USA’s fear of communists. The capitalist versus communist war in
Korea, in 1950, and Chinas communist revolution, were to result in
Americas initial revolt to the growing global attraction to left wing

Harry S. Truman, through what came to be known as the Truman Doctrine
or Containment Policy, announced the United States dominant position
in ceasing the spread of communism. In his speech to congress on the
twelfth of March 1947, Truman specifically called for four hundred
million dollars in financial aid to be delivered to Greece and Turkey,
both of which he suspected were threatened by a possible communist
invasion. Cowie, a well-noted author, considers Truman’s speech to be
the trigger for the transition of the Cold War from a temporary state
to a permanent quarrel as it directly states America’s aggressive
approach towards communist countries.

Congress responded to Truman’s appeal by allocating the required funds
along with US troops to administer the reconstruction. In an extract
from Truman’s address America’s adoption of the dominant role in the
anticommunist conflict is evident.

“The seeds of totalitarian regimes are nurtured by misery and want.
They spread and grow in the evil soil of poverty and strife. They
reach full growth when the hope of the people for a better life has

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