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American Civil War Essay

910 words - 4 pages

In the following text I will point out some moments of the American Civil War. The American Civil War was during 1861 and 1865. The Civil War was between the Nothern and the Southern states. The reason for the Civil War wasn't only because of the differences in economic, in social divisions and political divisions between North and South, it was more about the big question: “Slaves in America?”.

Abraham Lincon the 16th President in the US

In the U.S. senate was a heated debate over the issue of slavery. In the South, voices were raised and demanding a separation from the Union. The conflict between the thoos states was also fueled from the upcoming presidential elections. Abraham Lincoln was one of the most promising candidates and an opponent of slavery. Later Abraham Lincoln was elected as the 16th president of the United States on November 1860. He was the first republican president and he received 180 of 303 possible electoralvotes and 40 percent of the popular votes.1 2 The South immediately took political consequences. South Carolina declared to withdraw from the federal government on December 1860. The representatives met six slave states and formed the formation "Confederate States of America" in February 1861. The president of the Confederacy was Jefferson Davis. Five more states joined this confederation a short time later. The capital of the Confederacy was Richmond in Virginia3.

The first victory for the South

The Southern states worked out a constitution, which included the most ideas with the constitution of the Union, but there was only one problem. In this constitution was also written that slaves are federal property, but the Northern states didn't wanted to approve this bill. The Southerners decided at Fort Sumter, South Carolina, to station their troops on April 12 and 13, 1861. On April 12, 1861 Southern troops attacked the fort of the Nothern and took the fort under artillery fire. This military action was the beginning of the bloodiest conflict in America. After the capitulation in Fort Sumter Abraham Lincoln decided to send a troop of 75000 volunteers.See 1 He wanted to make with this decision, that the rebels from the South went quickly in the knee. But the South was prepared for a military confrontation. The Confederacy had not only highly motivated troops, they had also better trained officers. Therefore, the Southern army won the first battle of the Civil War. But later the Civil War turned in the favor of the North.

Lincons gain and the Battle of Getysburg

After the defeat in the first battle, Lincoln let trained recruits and brought them in the front. In addition, the powerful...

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