Us Civil War, 40 Years Of Intense Conflict Between The North And The South

1019 words - 4 pages

The Civil War was the result of 40 years of intense conflict and symbolized economic,social, and poliitical diferences between the north and the south.The South produced cash crops ... cotton, tobacco, and sugarcan for export to the northand Europe it depended on the North for manufactures and for trade. The labor force in the southincluded nearly 4 million slaves. Although the slave owners formed a small minority of thepopulation it dominated Southern politics and society. Slaves were the largest single investment inthe south. Fear of slave unrest ensured the loyalty of non slave owners to the economic and socialsystem.To maintain peace between the Southern and Northern supporters in the dmocratic andwhig parties political leaders tried to avoid the slavery question. Ignoring the issue became reallydifficult. The Missouri compromise of 1820 temporarily solved the problem by makeing the 36°30' parallel as the line separating free and slave territory in the louisiana purchase. Conflict cameback when the U.S. borders were extended westward to the pacific. The Compromise Measuresof 1850 provided for the admision of california as a free state and the organazation of two newterritories Utah, and New Mexica. From the land acquired in the Mexican War. The principle ofpopular sovereignty would be applied there, permiting the teritorial legislatres to decide the statusof slavery when they applied for statehood.Inspite of the compromis of 1850 conflict persisted. The South had become a minoritysection. Its leaders viewed the actions of the U.S. congress with growing concern. The north eastdemanded for its industrial growth a protective tariff. The northwest looked to congress for freehomesteads and federal aid for its roads and waterwys. The south regarded such measures asdiscrimination favoring Northern commercial jobs and it found the rise of anti slavery problems inthe North unacceptable. Many free states, for example, passed personal liberty laws in an effort tobug enforcement of the fugitive slave act . The increasing frequency with which free soilerspoliticians who argued that no more slave states should be admitted to the Union won electiveoffice in the North also worried Southerners. The problem of slavery expansion bursted again in1854, when Stephen Douglas from illinois put through congress a bill makeing two new territories(Kansas and Nebraska) and applying to both the principle of popular sovreignty. opposing anyfurther spread of slavery, the new party became so strong in the north that it nearly elected itscandidate JohnFremont, to the presidncy. Meanwhile democratic president james buchanan askedcongress to admit kansas to the union as a slave state, a proposal that made northerners mad.Adding to their anger the u.s. suprme court on march 7 1857 ruled in the Dred Scott case that theu.s. constitution gave congress no authority to prohibit slavery in the teritories. two years later, onoctober 16 1859 John brown, an uncompromsing oponent of...

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