American Foottball: Factors Of A Field Goal

1161 words - 5 pages

One of the most important parts about football is the kicking portion of the game. Without it, it wouldn’t be called FOOT-ball, seeing as how it’s the only part of the game pertaining to the relationship between the foot and the ball in a direct manner. Over the years, the record distance of the longest field goals has increased, mostly because we are finding out how to kick it differently that will produce a greater distance. The PAT, or point after touchdown, is almost a given because of the distance of the kick to the field goal is just under 20 yards. With kicks that are longer than 45 yards, the success rate drops dramatically for even most college and NFL players. With that being said, you can infer that with the increase in distance from the kick to the field goal, the less made field goals there will be.
First off, when kicking a football, you have to factor in several things. You need to know what the distance is from the spot of the ball to the field goal and what direction you’re kicking the ball. You also have to factor in the direction the wind and how fast the wind is blowing. If the wind is blowing towards the field goal post, it will most likely increase the distance it will travel. If the wind is blowing away from the field goal post, the distance you can make a field goal will decrease.
Next, velocity is the speed of something, or someone in this case, in a given direction. You can also refer to it as momentum. The velocity the kicker is moving will affect the outcome of the distance. When kickers kick a field goal, they don’t stand right next to the spot of the ball. They usually stand two to three yards back, depending on how far away the field goal is. With a PAT, the kicker only needs to stand back two yards because he doesn’t need that much velocity to get the football through the uprights. Kicks from 40+ yards are much different on the other hand. You may see the kicker take three to four yards back from the spot of the football to get enough velocity in order to successfully make a field goal.
To continue, most NFL kickers can kick it anywhere from 50 yards with ease, but when the distance is increased, they start having a hard problem. The problem is that their legs aren’t strong enough to kick it past that distance. When dealing with “leg strength”, it doesn’t actually refer to how strong your leg is, but how fast it is. When dealing with kicking, the strongest man in the world will not beat the quickest man. It’s the same thing with baseball. The faster you swing, the farther the ball will go. With that being said, the distance of a kick depends on how fast the foot is traveling when they make contact.
Also, there are also several factors with the football itself that affect the distance a football will travel and how it will travel in the air. One factor is the atmospheric pressure. Air pressure is the amount of air that’s pushing down on us. If we are in an area that has high air pressure, the ball will have more...

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