After the French and Indian War ended, Britain imposed many new policies upon the colonists . Britain had the goal of making a profit from the colonies, yet the colonists saw these policies as an inconvenience. As the colonists grew more upset with the British crown, they started seeking independence. The road to independence included important documents that are recorded in today's history books. These documents included the Albany Plan of Union (1754), Declaration of Tights and Grievances (1774), the Declaration of Independence (1776), the Articles of Confederation (1777), Treaty of Paris (1783),and the US Constitution (1789).
In 1754, Benjamin Franklin proposed a solution to unite the 13 colonies: The Albany Plan of Union. The Albany Plan of Union proposed that “one general government may be formed in America, including all the said colonies, within and under which government each colony may retain its present constitution”1 among other policies. However Franklin's plan did not pass due to the fear of the British Crown losing power over the colonies. Even though this plan did not state any argument against Britain, it became an important historical document because it symbolized the colonies as a uniting under a single government.
A decade later the British Parliament began passing many laws that angered many of the colonists in colonies and led to the creation of the Declaration of Tights and Grievances. The Stamp Act of 1765 required the colonists to use tax stamps on all legal documents, on certain business agreements, and on newspapers. The colonists saw this law as unfair because it gave them “taxation without representation”. Other laws included the Sugar Act of 1763, Quartering Act of 1765, Townshend Acts of 1767, and Tea Act of 1773. In protest of the Tea Act, a group of Bostonians' dumped British imported tea into the ocean. As a consequence, the British Parliament passed the Intolerable Acts/Coercive Acts of 1774. As a result, they colonists created the Declaration of Tights and Grievances and sent it to the Parliament to have the law repealed. The declaration stated their protest and boycott of British goods. This became the beginning of the Revolutionary war for the independence of the colonists from Britain.
In 1776, the thirteen colonies declared their independence from Britain with Declaration of Independence. Thomas Jefferson drafted the Declaration of Independence and fifty-six men signed it. Smith (2009) explained why Jefferson played an important role in this era and how the edited declaration impacted Jefferson. The Declaration declared the colonists independence from England because “the present King of Great Britain is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations, all having in direct object the establishment of an absolute Tyranny over these States”2 and the reasons as to why they wished to secede. Some of the reasons included the refusal “to pass other Laws for the accommodation of large districts of...