Us Intervention In The Middle East

2089 words - 8 pages

For centuries, conflict brewed in the Middle East. With the prevalence of oil, formerly powerless countries are now transformed into economic powerhouses. But like Franklin D. Roosevelt once said, “with all great power comes great responsibility”. These responsibilities include things such as maintaining oil fields, regulating foreign affairs, and controlling radical elements within their respective nations. Unfortunately, Iraq did exactly the opposite during the 1990s. Ever since the Iran Iraq War of 1980, Iraq has been in the global spot light ever since due to its internal financial crisis. Also, with radical leaders such as Saddam Hussein, Iraq was designated a dangerous nation by the United States and allied nations (Bard 254). Their assumptions were proven correct when Iraq invaded Kuwait, crippling a steady pipeline of oil to the western world and oppressing an entire nation of people. With the global community in an uproar and Iraq overrunning Kuwait cities, the US was pressured by the United Nations to spearhead the intervention in the conflict. Because the invasion of Kuwait broke numerous international laws and threatened the livelihood of a nation, as well as global economic stability, the United States was thus justified in the liberation of Kuwait.
Iraq was always considered dangerous, especially with her leader, Saddam Hussein. Saddam Hussein was considered too radical and dangerous by countless military and independent analysts. Given his past in politics where he killed many of his competitors, analysts often over predicted the potency Saddam would have on the global level which catalyzed the intervention response time (Robins 122). Due to his behavior, Israel and her allies likewise became very concerned after the invasion of Kuwait because Saddam had scud missiles capable of delivering chemical weapons into the heart of Israeli cities. (“Operation Desert Storm Timeline” 1). Saddam also prearranged Kuwaiti oil wells to be destroyed once the Iraq military entered the foreign nation as revenge for Kuwait’s rejection of Saddam’s proposal to cease pumping from Iraq’s Rumaila oil reserve and forgo Iraqi debt (“Iraq & Kuwait” 4). This action destroyed nearly half of Kuwait’s thirteen hundred oil wells, crippling oil supply from Kuwait for the near future (Bard 257). This action according to Defense Intelligence Agency analysts demonstrated Iraq’s willingness to use environmental and economic destruction as a weapon (“Saddam Human Rights” 396) proving how critical intervention was needed.
With Saddam burning oil fields, he subsequently spilled a large amount of oil into the Persian Gulf, crippling the economy as well as the local environment. Likewise, Iraq fired scud missiles at Israel and Saudi Arabia as well as sending Iraqi troops to the boarder of Saudi Arabia (Bard 253). This prompted Operation Desert Shield, a major land operation to prevent a similar invasion from taking over Saudi Arabia, yet another oil rich nation (“Bush...

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