Us Latin America Essay

1384 words - 6 pages

During the late nineteenth and early twentieth century, the United States was the most dominant power in the Western Hemisphere. European nations conceded to the United States their right of any intervention in the Western Hemisphere and allowed the United States to do whatever they wanted. The United States took this newly bestowed power and abused it. The United States intervened in many Latin American countries and imposed their policies on to these countries against their will. A perfect example of this aggression is what occurred in the Dominican Republic in 1904. The United States intervened in this sovereign nation and took control of their economy and custom houses. A memorandum from Francis B. Loomis, the United States Assistant Secretary of State, to the Secretary of States illustrates the United States’ goals, interests, attitudes and assumptions in the Dominican Republic and how the United States policy makers felt towards Latin America during this time period.
The United States had a wide variety of goals and interests in the Dominican Republic and in Latin America. In the Dominican Republic, Americans were heavily invested in the Dominicans’ industries. Americans invested in an area of six million dollars just in the Sugar industry alone (Loomis 2). And “the total American investments in the Dominican Republic of an important and active sort are estimated to be worth about twenty million dollars (Loomis 2). Also, many American citizens owned and operated many vast and major plantations and railroads in the Dominican Republic. American citizens’ owned and operated 60 miles of important line of railway (Loomis 3). Also at Sosua, the American company, United Fruit Company owned some twenty thousand acres of land which more than one fourth of it was under cultivation and producing fruit (Loomis 3). These corporations and individuals caused the United States government to use its clout to influence the Dominican’s government. They use this clout to achieve their goals in the Dominican Republic. The Dominican Republic was in severe debt with European nations at the time. The United States goal was to payback the Europeans using the Dominican’s custom-houses (Loomis 4). These custom-houses were important economically to the Dominican Republic. The Dominican Republic received one hundred million dollars from the custom-houses since its independence (Loomis 2). The United States used its clout and convinced the President to give the United States the custom-houses receipts and the supervision of public expenditure (Loomis 4). Instead of using the money to benefit the poor people of the Dominican Republic. The United States used the customs to pay back the debt to the already powerful nations in Europe. These interests and goals fueled the United States actions in the Dominican Republic. The United States supported and protected the very unpopular President Morales who was engaged in arm conflicts with rebels. The United States supported...

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