Collaborative and cooperative learning promotes student learning through group-oriented activities. Collaborative learning is a method of teaching and learning in which student teams will work together to create a meaningful multimedia project. Cooperative learning, which will be the primary focus of this paper, is a specific kind of collaborative learning. In cooperative learning, students work together in small groups on a structured activity. Cooperative groups will work face-to-face and will learn to work as a team. The multimedia project will allow all students to benefit from gaining a deeper knowledge of the multimedia matters through communication with their peers and building relationships among their peers of different ethnic, backgrounds, learning abilities and gender.
Effective Use of Collaborative Learning in Academics
The application of collaborative learning strategies is a process in which two or more students work together. Collaborative strategies will be used in planning, translating and reviewing the education process to form student learning through group-oriented activities. This source will also be useful in lesson planning to help explain how collaborative learning strategies in the classroom will help students in the learning process improve by interaction; how positive interdependence of collaborative learning leads to common responsibility; how collaborative learning builds students’ self-esteem, and confidence in students. This application recommends that collaborative learning strategies can be implemented with Jig-saw technique as well as in learning technology which can be accessible to all participants working in cooperative groups (Iqbal, Kousar, and Ajmal, 2011).
In Corte (2011) collaborative learning study focuses on fostering adaptive competence (AC) defined as the ability to apply knowledge and skills flexibly in different contexts. There are four major types of learning in relation to what students must learn in order to acquire AC in a particular domain which are discussed:
Constructive - learners are viewed not as passively receiving information, but as actively constructing knowledge and skills through reorganization of their previously acquired mental structures,
Self-regulated - individuals are meta-cognitively, motivationally, and behaviorally active participants in their own learning process,
Situated - learning is enacted essentially in interaction with, and especially through, participation in social and cultural activities and contexts, and
Collaborative – effective learning is a distributed activity, not a purely solitary one. The learning effort is distributed over the individual student; the partners in the learning environment; and the available resources, technology, and tools.
This study will be helpful in explaining the design of a collaborative learning environment that will help improve problem-solving competence in primary school students. The literature provides...