Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) is the science in which tactics derived from the principles of behavior are applied systematically to improve socially significant behavior and experimentation is used to identify the variables responsible for behavior change. The definition of ABA includes six key components. The first component is the practice of applied behavior analysis is guided by the attitudes and methods of science inquiry. Second, all behavior change procedures are described and implemented in a systematic, technological manner. Third, not any means of changing behavior qualifies as applied behavior analysis: Only those procedures conceptually derived from the basic principles of behavior are circumscribed by the field. Fourth, the focus of applied behavior analysis is socially significant behavior. The fifth and sixth parts of the definition specify the twin goals of applied behavior analysis: improvement and understanding. Applied behavior analysis seeks to make meaningful improvement in important behavior and to produce an analysis of the factors responsible for that improvement. (Cooper, 1987) In short, ABA is the use of techniques and principles to bring about meaningful and positive change in behavior. ("Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA)")
People who can benefit from applied behavior analysis include students with learning disabilities and behavior problems, attention deficit hyperactivity disorders, or behavior problems that are not disabled can benefit from applied behavior analysis. Also, ABA is well noted among researchers of autism as a method that can be effective for autistic children. (About.com)
Autism is known as a complex developmental disability. Experts believe that Autism presents itself during the first three years of a person’s life. The condition is the result of a neurological disorder that has an effect on normal brain function, affective development of the person’s communication and social interaction skills. People with autism have issues with non-verbal communication, a wide range of social interactions, and activities that include play. ("What is Autism? What Causes Autism?") The characteristics of autism include relative strengths in visual processing and relative deficits in auditory processing. Students with autism typically have difficulties with communication and social relatedness. The lack of efficient communication skills combined with an inadequate behavioral repertoire can cause problem behaviors. (Scott, 2000)
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) affects one out of every 88 children in the United States. It occurs more often among boys than girls. Autism appears to be on the rise and it is unclear whether the growing number of diagnoses shows a real increase or improved detection. Early diagnosis is extremely important, and it can help a child with autism make significant gains in language and social skills. (Alli, N.D) With autism on the rise, there are many treatments and...