This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Use Of Focus Groups And Surveys In Qualitative Research

2143 words - 9 pages

Nursing research has been a part of nursing practice for many years, consisting of both qualitative and quantitative research; it is essential in guiding nursing practice. Many nurses have a baseline understanding of research in general, but it is important for the researcher to understand their own values and beliefs when determining the type of research they will be performing. By understanding the differences between epistemology, methodology, and methods, the researcher can confidently conduct a valid research project.
Overview of Qualitative Research
Research is an essential tool in nursing practice; it been an important link in best nursing care since the days of Florence ...view middle of the document...

28). Every aspect of the research process is influenced by epistemology, it guides the researcher in justifying the research methods (Carter & Little, 2007; Kramer-Kile, 2012), as it is asking what is knowledge, and how can that knowledge be acquired.
Ontology is the question of the nature of the reality. It deals with what exists, and what the reality of the situation is currently, recognizing that reality can and will change. It assists in defining the views and assumptions of the researcher (Kramer-Kile, 2012).
The epistemology and ontology together guide the researcher towards the type of research they will conduct, and in turn determine the type of methodology and methods of the research (Carter & Little, 2007).
Qualitative research is concerned with meanings of experiences and interactions. Qualitative research is very common in the social sciences, although it is often used in market research as well (Alasuutari, 2010; Nieswiadomy, 2011). There has been quite a rise in qualitative research in the last 30 years. It first started to emerge in journals in the 1960’s, and an increase in the number of qualitative research can be seen in research journals in the 1980’s (Alasuutari, 2010). Instead of looking at the statistical numbers within research, the researcher in interested in getting within the research, and understanding the phenomenon (Leedy, 2011; LoBionod-Wood & Haber, 2013).
Within qualitative research, the question emerges from the research process. The focus changes and evolves as the researcher experiences and understands the phenomenon under study (Carter & Little, 2007; Farrelly, 2013; Leedy, 2011). Often within qualitative research, the study samples are very small. The goal is to obtain rich data, that is a broad overview, not data that is statistically representative (Carter & Little, 2007; Leedy, 2011).
In contrast, quantitative research involves a theory, prediction or hypothesis, that must be tested (Leedy, 2011). The principle idea is that data is generalized, reported by statistics and numbers, and the results can be reproduced (Leedy, 2011, LoBionod-Wood & Haber, 2013). When conducting quantitative research, strict measures are in place to avoid bias, and the belief is that the researcher can and should interpret the information without influencing it (Farrelly, 2013).
An example of the difference between the two, with quantitative research looking at the “what, and qualitative studying the “why”, could be seen in a case example of a new oncology treatment. A quantitative researcher would be interested in examining the number and severity of the side effects of the treatment, while a qualitative researcher would be more interested in examining the patient’s quality of life in relation to the experienced side effects. The quantitative researcher would have a large, randomized control study, while the qualitative researcher would have a small sample size. The choice of type of research to conduct...

Find Another Essay On Use of Focus Groups and Surveys in Qualitative Research

The Meaning of Quantitative and Qualitative Research

1227 words - 5 pages are different than the normal results. Researchers don’t use them in quantitative research because they are too complicated to account for and then put them in the research. The data is based off of the results falling into the normal category. Qualitative research’s main focus is to grasp an individual’s lived experiences, through their emotions, mental processes and behavior (Guts, 2014). Qualitative research studies subjective human

Qualitative and Quantitative Research Essay

1648 words - 7 pages both types of research they tend to lend themselves to contrasting subject areas. Quantitative research is likely to be used when analysing large amounts of numerical data as it converts the data into statistics, in contrast, qualitative research will be used in data that cannot be summarised with numbers and instead has to be categorised. For instance, it would be more beneficial to either use interviews or a focus group to gather information

Research Qualitative and Quantitative

1231 words - 5 pages matter.Quantitative research is when, "concepts are assigned numerical value", which includes; statistics, models and figures, and classifying the information found in the research by numerical value. The hypothesis is typically more focused on the numbers, and is straight to the point of the reason why and what the research is on. The researcher would use measurements, questionnaires, and surveys to assist in retrieving the information needed to come up with

Advantages And Disadvantages Of Qualitative Research And Briefly Quantitative Research

1169 words - 5 pages advantages and disadvantages of qualitative research and briefly quantitative research.This essay will initially present the advantages and disadvantages of qualitative research and briefly quantitative research. It will then go on to critique a qualitative research article yet due to the word count only several factors of this will be critiqued and the article is by Wills' et al (2005). Later it will consider the use of the research paper

Interaction between Epistemology, Methodology, and Methods in Qualitative Research

2387 words - 10 pages . Different methods may yield diverse results in the same study (Carter & Little, 2007). Examples of two differing research methods in qualitative research are focus groups, and observations. Focus groups. Focus groups have been in use in qualitative research for the last 20 years. Focus groups may be the primary method, or may be combined with other methods of data collection (Then, Rankin & Ali, 2014). When conducting a focus group, the

Differences in Qualitative and Quantitative Research methods for business

662 words - 3 pages There are two different methods for collecting data. There is Qualitative Research and Quantitative Research. Let's come up with some ideas on how to perform each method and brainstorm on different tools we can use. We will need to be aware of the pros and cons attached to each method as well. To get the conversation started here are my ideas and suggestions.First, I wanted to point out the differences in these methods. Qualitative research is

Qualitative Research Methods in Criminolgy

2108 words - 9 pages This essay will evaluate the use of in-depth interviews, either one to one or via focus groups as a form of criminological research. The essay will assess how appropriate the chosen methodology can be, issues regarding validity, sampling and research ethics. This essay will also emphasize how these forms of qualitative research can be useful in the field of criminology. First of all this essay will describe the background and the emergence of

Qualitative Research in Social Science

1374 words - 5 pages . Qualitative data analysis can require a tremendous amount of time and effort. The qualitative researcher is assisted in this process through the use of relational database management software to store and manage the data. QSR International ( is such a company that offers a solution for this process. QSR International is the world largest qualitative software research developer based out of Melbourne, Austria

quantitative and qualitative research approach

1217 words - 5 pages they need to participate in the research to collect data. As researchers are interested in meaning while conducting qualitative research, the outcome of the research is descriptive. In addition, the research outcome is comprehensive and detailed. (You can say more advantage of using quantitative research approach) Although quantitative and qualitative research approaches use different method and analysis in a different way, there are

Strengths and Weakness of The Qualitative Research Method

3266 words - 13 pages qualitative interviews or focus groups at a single point in time (Bryman 2008, p. 62).The Owens et al. study entails both methods of research in the hope that close analysis of the nature, behaviours, motivations and the impact of this form of aggression for young females will be revealed (2000, p. 68). Thus in keeping with the traditions of qualitative research Owens et al. aimed to see through the eyes of the research participants, that is to

A Discussion of Qualitative Research

1284 words - 6 pages generalize for a single cure, for a therapist to have to use trial and error because of the comorbidity of their patients (Long, 2014b). Qualitative case study research is not only to learn about an individual, but also any bounded system that is associated with that individual. This can include similar groups, families, and cultures that share common experiences and perspectives. There are four types of qualitative case study research that are

Similar Essays

Focus Groups' Role In Research Essay

1170 words - 5 pages It has been decided to focus on to explain on a personal experience whereby focus groups produced positive or negative information hence anticipated as of other types of research. The importance of Focus groups providing better, or worse, information this is highlighted by Pitt-Catsouphes et al, 2006 (p.365) who states that focus groups “offers the advantage of creating inductive insight, and these insights can then be later used in the

Use Of The Observational Method In Qualitative Research

2641 words - 11 pages identified and adopted depending to the needs of the research in order to acquire the desire result. As mentioned earlier, interviews, documents, observations and focus groups are the most commonly used method in data collection for qualitative research. Observation is one of the basic methods used in data collection and it has long been a major tools being used extensively in study by researchers. This essay will be focus on the role of

Qualitative Research Review Of The Use Of Patient Simulators In Nursing Education

1585 words - 6 pages risk that is involved with live patients. Powell-Laney (2010) reviewed several studies that attempted to prove the effectiveness of simulation experience but found that most of the studies were qualitative in nature and focused on the students’ perceptions of their simulation experience and did not focus on outcomes that the patient scenario may have. The literature that Powell-Laney reviewed was current at the time she wrote the article adding

Qualitative Research Methods And Ethnography In Education

1425 words - 6 pages qualitative data analysis techniques, as well as, domain analysis derived from Spradley's ethnographic interview techniques to corroborate the research findings in the study.Next, the authors' use of a semi-structured ethnographic interview protocol enabled the research team to gain further insight into interview questions. Internal documents including: memos, circulation reports, and speeches were analyzed to capture the manner in which