Use Of Three Literary Techniques In Things Fall Apart

599 words - 2 pages

In his work Things Fall Apart, Chinua Achebe tells a story describing the decay and destruction of ancient African tradition caused by the invasion of white culture. His tone in the book seems to side and sympathize with the Africans and their religion. Interestingly enough, though, he uses biblical allusion, as well as onomatopoeia and symbolism to bring the book to life and captivate the reader. The following will describe how he uses these.

Even though it appears that he sides with Africans and their cultural beliefs, Achebe uses things from outside their religion, such as biblical allusions. When the missionaries appear it says, “they were all sons of God. And [they] told them about this new God” (Achebe 126). It is interesting to note that Achebe capitalizes the “g” in God, which is proper especially if one claims to be a Christian. Another allusion could be interpreted when the locusts cover the land. It is phrased, “then quite suddenly a shadow fell on the world, and the sun seemed hidden behind a thick cloud” (49). There were so many, that this “cloud” could easily represent the plague of locusts found in Exodus 10. Yet, this is not a detrimental plague, but rather a joyous occasion for the African clan. We know this because Achebe writes, “almost immediately a shout of joy broke in all directions, and Umuofia, which had dozed in the noonday haze, broke into life and activity” (49).

Another tehnique Achebe uses to captivate the reader is onomatopoeia. It is defined as a word, which creates a sound effect that mimics the thing being described, making the description more expressive and interesting. A typical example is found in the phrase, the crowd whispered softly, opposed to the crowd quietly talked. However, Achebe actually creates words. He writes,...

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