Uses Of Statistical Information Essay

1007 words - 4 pages

What is Statistics?"Statistics is a mathematical science pertaining to collection, analysis, interpretation and presentation of data" (Wikipedia contributors, 2006). Statistics are a valuable kind of information because they can provide data for making comparisons and determining trends. There are many uses for statistics, "but perhaps its most important purpose is to help us make good decisions about issues that involve uncertainty" (Bennett, Briggs, & Triola, 2003, p. 8).Kinds of Statistical Information Collected in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU)There are two primary areas of statistical information collected in the ICU. These two areas are:1.Central line infections2.Ventilator associated pneumonias (VAP)Central Line InfectionsCentral venous catheters (CVCs) are being used with increasing frequency in the ICU to provide long-term venous access. The goal of collecting statistical information in regard to CVCs is for the prevention of catheter-related bloodstream infections. Approximately 95% percent of clients in the ICU have CVCs in place and are potential candidates for catheter- related bloodstream infections (S. Peaks, personal communication, June 8 and 9, 2006).There are five components to the central line bundle:1."Hand hygiene2.Maximal barrier precautions3.Chlorhexidine skin antisepsis4.Optimal catheter site selection, with subclavian vein as the preferred site for non-tunneled catheters5.Daily review of line necessity, with prompt removal of unnecessary lines"(100,000 Lives Campaign, 2006, p. 3).According to Peaks, interventions from the central line bundle, resourced from the 100,000 lives campaign is being used in order to provide better outcomes for clients with CVCs. Strict compliance with hand hygiene, maximal barrier precautions (cap, mask, sterile gown and gloves), use of Chlorhexidine skin antisepsis, and catheter site selection are all being used in the ICU according to Peaks (personal communication, June 8 and 9, 2006).According to Peaks, the only area not being implemented at this time is daily review of line necessity. This component is not being done due to a lack of available personnel and time restraints by available personnel (personal communication, June 8 and 9, 2006).Ventilator-Associated PneumoniaVentilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is an infection of the airway that developed 48 hours or more after the client was intubated (100,000 Lives Campaign, 2006, p. 2). Preventing pneumonia of any type is a primary concern but collecting statistical data for the prevention of VAP is particularly concerning because:*"VAP is the leading cause of death among hospital-acquired infections.*VAP prolongs time spent on the ventilator, length of ICU stay, and length of hospital stay after discharge from the ICU.*VAP adds an estimated cost of $40,000 to a typical hospital admission"(100,000 Lives Campaign, 2006, p. 2).According to Peaks, 100% of clients on the ventilator in the ICU are potential candidates for developing VAP. The...

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