During the past six decades, the human being has been making great strides in science and technology. One of the most developed areas has been the new Assisted Reproduction Techniques (ART). How far will you go? How perfect will your baby be? These are some questions that people do these days when they make the decision to have descendants. The determination of having children and pregnancy is a complex process. In these are involved psychological, social, economic, religious, and even legal factors. The goal of this article is to consider the advantages and disadvantages of using the Assisted Reproduction Techniques (ART).
Fertility is the ability to reproduce, but even though that ...view middle of the document...
Nobody notices or cares about the damage exerted to third parties; who in this case are the children who are going to be born, because to give life to a human being is a decision that has consequences and responsibilities. Parenting involves being a guardian, guide, and protector of the integral development of the new being.
There are many questions to answer such as: What are the ethical considerations that help people decide? Is it possible to justify the goals and the means employed? Is human dignity affected by the new reproductive forms or for embryonic experimentation? The right to life is involved in the problems of embryo transfer, embryo reduction, or leftover embryos? Is the right to form a family altered by the new possibilities arise: surrogacy, insemination of single women, egg donation? What about the paternity of sperm donors? Opportunities presented by new reproductive technologies carry with difficult dilemmas to resolve, leaving more questions than answers.
Some advantages and disadvantages will be mentioned in this article that will allow people to learn and create your own opinion.
Mayo Clinic defines Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) as: any fertility treatment in which the egg and sperm are handled. An ART health team includes physicians, psychologists, embryologists, lab technicians, nurses and allied health professionals who work together to help infertile persons to achieve pregnancy. Mayo Clinic also defines ART as the following techniques: Stimulating ovulation with fertility drugs, In vitro fertilization (IVF), Intrauterine insemination (IUI), Surgery to restore fertility, Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), Assisted hatching, Donor eggs or sperm, Gestational carrier, among others. The use of ART brings advantages and disadvantages that must be evaluated, and are important for those who will use them and for the society that somehow is affected.
The most important advantage of ART, and its main purpose is to allow people who want to become parents realize this desire, and gives alternatives and hopes, that did not have before. Today, make the decision to use ART is more advantageous than a few years ago when they were just in research and implementation stages. Researchers examined the results of eight different studies conducted between 1989 and 1999 found that fertility drugs do not increase the risk of women developing ovarian cancer, even if taken for more than a year. This was previously a focus of controversy and concern, but now gives more security to people at the time to evaluate the pros of ART. Another aspect that is an advantage for many people with genetic disorders in their family history, and science advocates, is that the use of ART reduces the chance of transmitting the baby a genetic disorder, as it can assess and analyze the sperm before insemination. All this when talking about the health of an expectant mother, but in another instance, in a psychological aspect, being...