Expository text is the most common form of text used in most secondary classrooms. It is most often in the form of a text book. They are designed to explain and educate others about a certain subject. The authors of the book research information and write logical facts about a given subject. The facts include cause and effect, lists, problems and solutions, sequence of events, and descriptions (Expository Text Structures, n.d.). Most school systems provide expository texts to be used in the classroom and teachers are comfortable using them. Due to the vast amount of accurate information that is found in expository text, they can be of great benefit to the content area classroom.
Teachers use the text in the middle school levels to provide students with more accurate information. With the pressures of standardized testing, time is of the essence in these grades. The teachers must teach students numerous goals and standards in order for the child to pass the tests. Expository text that has already been approved for that particular class is a great way to meet those needs because all of the information is present and ready to use in one convenient place. This is only one of the advantages of using expository text.
Expository texts benefit students by allowing them to develop logic skills, help to ensure that students are receiving accurate information, enable students to form and support their own arguments, and allow the student to become familiar with different structures of writing and identify the concepts of the text. Since expository texts are written logically, students are capable of receiving information in a logical manner and hence allow he or she to make appropriate connects between facts. The more that students read this type of text, the more comfortable he or she will become with making logical connections. Students will also be able to use the expository text as an example of solid research, forming arguments and learn the importance of supporting them. If a student views a text that only has an argument with no underlying support, it will be difficult to believe what he or she is reading, expository texts can reiterate that because they do provide such detailed support of the arguments that is presented within. This also helps the student to make educated distinctions between fact and fake, which will help him or her to determine the credibility of researched items that will be needed in the future. The expository text are written in many different ways, as previously discussed, and with practice the students can learn what type of structures are being used and more easily comprehend the purpose of the text (Abella, 2014).
Even though there are many benefits of using expository texts in the classroom there are also disadvantages. Many middle school students are not familiar with expository texts. Most often throughout his or her elementary years, the student has learned through narrative text. This means that the student...