Using Four Arguments to Have Full Knowledge - Plato’s Cave and the Divided Lines
People must learn the value of life and the difference between living a dream and making your dreams come true. Being considered a father in western philosophy, Plato presented the Divided Line and Plato’s Cave to show the differences between the intelligent and visible world people live in; as the visible world being a world of one’s own reflections and shadowing’s, while the intelligent world is about the mind and thoughts. Plato uses a complex dialogue of Socrates to show, in a significant manner, that everything you see physically isn’t really what it seems. You must use the four segments in order to have full knowledge.
The four segments, which are labeled letters A through E, come from the two lines Socrates talked about in the dialogue of the Divided Line. The two first segments A and B are people considered passive and the lowest form of reality, as people go by simply what they see physically. The other segments labeled C, D, and E, are considered the highest form. People that belong in segments C-E, hypothesize everything they see then come up with their own conclusion based on the facts. As people living in the segments A and B are simply ways of saying when people are asleep while segments C-E are people who are open minded and see beyond the things people regularly see.
Plato then uses another dialogue, which was presented after his Divided Line, of Socrates speaking to Plato’s brother Glaucon to show how lack of education may affect us. Allegory of the Cave, also known as Plato’s Cave, begins with Socrates telling Plato’s brother about some cave used to keep people imprisoned since their childhood. They can’t see anything as they are restraint in such a way they can only see what’s in front of them which are shadows of puppets being played by the people who imprisoned them. They can’t see anything else, they don’t know that there’s a whole other world outside of a few steps from where they are, the real world, but they are trapped in a fake reality as the puppet shadows are all they know. In order to find the light one must set himself free and go out to it, most people now a day’s rather trap themselves in their rooms on their laptops when they could just be outside reading a book or be social.
Socrates continues the topic by having Glaucon imagining one of the prisoners becoming free from his restraints, the prisoner stands, moves and looks around to the sight of the fire used to show the puppets from behind the restraint prisoners which causes his eyes to hurt. The prisoner would later on in the dialogue go outside into the light which overwhelms his vision. The prisoners’ eyes slowly adjust to the sunlight to which he sees everything then later claims the sun to be the giver of the seasons and guardian of what’s visible. Plato shows that once people who are trapped in their own imaginary prisons become free minded; they become happier and...