Using Statistics In Social And Behavior Sciences Cj 582 Final Essay

2092 words - 9 pages

Scientists that study in the social and behavioral field try to predict or elaborate on human behavior and developing hypothesis about the nature of crimes. There are qualities in relation to humans which are called variables; these variables are things such as: age, employment status, crime rate, and even their attitudes (Alan, Levin, & Forde, 2014). Looking at criminal justice statistics, there are central tendency measures that show the average or routine set of data. This is a value usually positioned within the center of a distribution. In this distribution, there is the mode, median, and the mean that are all measures of central tendency. Samples can be taken from a population of people to better understand the aspects of the population that the sample was taken from.
The field of criminal justice uses statistics for several reasons and they are a vital component within the system of criminal justice. When social scientists get ideas on the nature of social reality, they form educated guesses, and focus on an individual or a group of people. When scientists form their hypotheses, it allows them to convey the cause and effect that exists between several variables. The assumption which is developed by the researcher can be tested by means of surveys or experiments to determine whether the cause(s) lead to effects. The research performed by those within the criminal justice field and that of criminology, conduct research to gain a better understanding of the issues which are faced in battling crime.
Instead of using the term average over and over, criminal justice researchers use a more pointed term which is conveyed numerically. The measure of central tendency is whatever the average is within a data set, and usually in the middle of a group of numbers. The mode is the most common number in a group of numbers and is the single measure of central tendency applicable for nominal level variables. The term median can be described as the middle most point of a group of numbers and is utilized after a group of numbers; have been sorted from the smallest to the biggest number. The term mean describes the total sum of all the numbers in a group, then are divided by the total number of numbers in a group. Using these measures of central tendency, researchers can determine the average for groups of numbers such as those from a group of individuals involved in a specific crime.
It is vital that researchers test their assumptions besides describing them; to do this, they gather data on part of a group that they want to study. An example of this is alcohol abuse and what the crime have in common. Statistical data can determine serval arrangements such as incidents that occur because of driving while intoxicated, murder, among other violent crimes (Booth & Curran, 2013). If samples were not taken from a population, the available data on whether alcohol abuse plays a role in crimes would not be as well-known as it is now. By taking population samples,...

Find Another Essay On Using statistics in social and behavior sciences - CJ 582 - Final Essay

History and Scope of the Social Sciences

1023 words - 5 pages and society may act in certain situations. A social science lens can be productive in that it helps people be more indiscriminate though understanding people and their behavior. I hope to use the socials sciences to impact other people’s lives in a positive manner. The social sciences to me when used in a well-intended manner are able to not only explain phenomena but also be a solution and or make a situation better. The intent of this essay is

Compare and Contrast the natural and social sciences in their philosophy and approach to research

1072 words - 5 pages statements, following an objective , value-free observation of facts and through deduction , formulation of hypotheses and testing the scientific validity of the same, to measure and quantify evidence. In contrast , the social sciences such as sociology, history , anthropology seek to explain and interpret human behaviour , its actions and meanings attributed to these in the social world in order to produce normative statements, that translate

Social Problems Final Essay

1477 words - 6 pages , and map different content trends we discovered. The third week was probably the most difficult for me, we were expecting our inside group members to return, so we could add their data to our own, but again they were both gone. Along with the inside students being gone from our group, we were also missing one of our outside students, fortunately she had given us her data before class. We ended up using our in class time on the third week to

TOK Essay: What is it About Theories in the Human Sciences and Natural Sciences That Makes Them Convincing?

1507 words - 6 pages . Even more common theories in the sciences must be able to be falsified by nature. In that way, theories by definition can never be proven to be completely right and therefore stay untouched by opposing arguments. It is the nature of theories that this essay is mostly concerned with. The word “Convincing” is area of consideration where definition of the word can be concerned. A theory that can overcome opposing argument, also known as a “concerned

Social Behavior and Personality in Relation to Social Media Usage

2226 words - 9 pages Journal Of Psychology, 16(1), 105-119. Gosling, S. (2011). Manifestations of Personality in Online Social Networks: Self-Reported Facebook-Related Behaviors and Observable Profile Information. Cyberpsychology, Behavior & Social Networking, 14(9), 483-488. Ivcevic, Z., & Ambady, N. (2012). Personality impressions from identity claims on Facebook. Psychology Of Popular Media Culture,1(1), 38-45. doi:10.1037/a0027329 Jenkins-Guarnieri, M. A., Wright, S. L

Culture and Social Behavior

678 words - 3 pages Differentiate between social behavior and culture. Provide an example. Social behavior is the specific manner an individual behaves in different situations or places. We are all taught as a child how we should act in public, in school, and even in our own homes. As an adult, we may have one personality in the workplace, and another at home, and possibly even another in the social side of life. Younger individuals or teenagers behave in a

Carl Rogers' Person Centred Therapy - Counselling Psychology, Social Sciences - Essay

3389 words - 14 pages and using interpretations to power persuasion. His role was not to provide answers for the client but to encourage them to search for the answers and inspire their own growth and healing. The humanistic outlook believes in the potential of self-actualisation, through which meaning can be found. In PCT there is a deep faith in the tendency of humans to develop in a positive and constructive manner if a climate of respect and trust is established

Pros and Cons of Using Social Media Tools in Schools

1266 words - 5 pages dialogue among the students. Enhance Student Engagement Social media will increase student engagement as they will be using tools that they are comfortable and familiar with. It will also aid in improving communication skills especially for those students who seldom speaks in class as they will feel more comfortable expressing themselves in these media such as Facebook. Improve Communication among Students and Teacher Social media provides an

Communication and Social Behavior in the Atlantic Bottlenose Dolph

2257 words - 9 pages contact is using the pectoral fin to run another dolphin (Shane, 1986). Contact swimming is when one dolphin is swimming with the pectoral fin on the flank of another dolphin (Shane, 1986). This is seen in females more than males and is thought to stem from a female’s maternal instinct for assisted locomotion of a newborn, like when a calf swims in its mother’s slipstream (Shane, 1986). Another unique social behavior seen in Atlantic bottlenose

Peer Affiliation, Social Behavior, and Callous-Unemotional Traits in Adolescence

2384 words - 10 pages small fraction of offenders is responsible for as much as 50-60% of committed crimes (Lynam, 1998). As psychopaths are notoriously resistant to treatment (Dolan & Coid, 1993; Dolan & Doyle, 2007), much of the existing literature has focused on attempting to identify psychological and social correlates of psychopathic behavior in an attempt to learn more about the etiology of and the risk factors leading to the development of this disorder

Ethical Judgements in the Arts and Sciences

1628 words - 7 pages painting might be removed. On the other hand, in the natural sciences, scientists are likely to use reason and decide whether experimenting something or about it would be ethically correct. If the scientist has to choose between experimenting on humans or rats, the scientist, using inductive reasoning, would choose to experiment on the rat, as it is more ethical than the former. The difference between both processes is when the ethical judgment is

Similar Essays

Descriptive Verses Inferential Statistics In The Social Sciences

964 words - 4 pages As a whole, statistics can be divided into two main categories. They are descriptive and inferential. They are different, but both are important in the field of the Social Sciences. Both descriptive and inferential statistics can help Social Scientists get a snapshot of either a certain population or sample of a population. The crux of the differences between descriptive and inferential statistics are how they are defined, how they are applied

Race And Ethnicity In Social Sciences

877 words - 4 pages Use of the Terms "Race" and "Ethnicity" in the Social Sciences Defining identity can be complex and therefore we have to investigate the factors involved that make us who we are and how we are seen by others, collectively or individually. Social scientists have to consider the key elements which shape identity, the importance of social structures and agency involved. The differences and/or similarities between us are the focus that categorise

Mental Health Causes And Prevalence In Youth Singapore University Of Social Sciences Essay

2307 words - 10 pages a) In the recent years, it was shown that the amount of youth suffering from mental issues have been on the rise. Mental issues are considered as a category where it comprises a wide spectrum of problems with different symptoms. They are generally characterized by some combination of abnormal thoughts, emotions, behavior and relationship with others. For example: problems like depression, social anxiety and in the worst case, schizophrenia

Compare And Contrast Two Social Science Views About The Ordering Of Social Life Open University Introducing The Social Sciences Essay

2057 words - 9 pages existence. It is about how individuals fit together with others and with things, people’s expectations and the deeper notions underpinning these expectations. Ordering is something intrinsic to social life and it is continuously practised (Silva, 2009, p. 311) Comment by Paul: very good - could led intro into overall outline of the essay There are many ways in which social order is produced and maintained. Social scientists are interested in gaining