Wayne Hunter, James Ellis, Dennis vanEngelsdorp, Jerry Hayes, Dave Westervelt, Eitan Glick, Michael Williams, Ilan Sela, Eyal Maori, Jeffery Pettis, Diana Cox-Foster, and Nitzan Paldi all had a hand in writing the research. The writers are associated with at many different and separate institutions. Educational institutions include University of Florida (UF), Pennsylvania State University (Penn State), and the Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HUJI). Specifically, in UF the research is joined with the Department of Entomology and Nematology; in Penn State the research is partnered with the Department of Entomology; in HUJI the research is affiliated with Robert H. Smith Institute for Plant Sciences and Genetics in Agriculture is Government affiliation used in the content of the research include the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), the Agricultural Research Service (ADS,) Florida Department of Agriculture all Bureau of Plant and Apiary all of which are located in Florida. In Maryland the study associated with the USDA, ARS, and the Bee Research Laboratory. Finally, the study is also affiliated with the company Beeologics INC. located in Miami Florida. The paper was published on December 23, 2010 in PLoS Pathogens.
The paper is most likely aimed towards farmers and government. Honey bees, according the research, pollinate “52 of the world’s 115 leading agricultural crops… These crops represent 35% of the human diet (Hunter et al., 2010, p.1) If honey bees are dying due to the Israeli Acute Paralysis Virus it will directly affect the amount of food human have readily available today. Either, there will be newer more efficient ways to stimulate pollination using technology or the bees themselves have to be worked with. This particular research chooses the latter; they work with bees to solve the problem. Government should be concerned about the findings in the article because this is a global growing problem that affects the rate of food growth. With the food available to the world already declining, dwindling bee population involved in pollination does not rid people of the uneasiness. Government should desire that the problem is dealt with and solved and would probably benefit from sponsoring research teams to discover enhanced solutions.
Obviously, the goal is to determine if RNAi technology has any affect on the longevity of life in honey bees infected with the IAPV virus. The study also include tested other bees infected with Acute Bee Virus Paralysis, Kashmir Bee Virus, Black Queen Cell Virus, and Deformed Wing Virus; although only bees which tested positive for Israeli Acute Paralysis Virus and Kashmir Bee Virus were used in the inoculums in the study. The study states “We attempted to determine if IAPV specific homologous dsRNA [double stranded RNA] can be used to reduced impacts from IAPV infection in 160 honey bee hive in two discrete climates” (Hunter et al., 2010, p.2).
The article goes into specific detail about genes...