There are many theories surrounding the application of early childhood education. There have been many theorists and researchers whom have submitted factual information and strategies that has helped educators over the years. I believe that my personal beliefs about early childhood education is a combination of several theorists. In the world that we live in, not all people or children are created the same. There are several factors which make up a person’s mindset. People learn and process information differently depending on several different factors.
Of the theorists I have studied, Piaget’s theory of cognition implies that children form their own way of learning (Department of Psychology and Neuroscience). Piaget suggested that children don’t really need any help from adults in order to learn something new (Department of Psychology and Neuroscience). He also suggested that children don’t require any rewards or incentive from others in order to motivate them (Department of Psychology and Neuroscience). I agree with this theory in part. Children can and do learn some things on their own. A child does not need any help, after birth, learning how to swallow or chew once they have grown teeth. Most children do not need any help falling asleep either. I do, also believe that there are some things that, even though children can pick up on most things, they still have to have a model to follow for most things in their life. Children learn to walk, talk and play by watching others perform those same acts. There has to be some sort of demonstration or model in order for a child to follow in order to learn.
Maslow’s theory of hierarchy of needs is similar to Piaget, but not the same. Maslow felt that people are automatically motivated to achieve their needs (MeLeod). Also, as Piaget suggested, there is no need for reward, only the satisfaction of meeting basic needs. Maslow stated that the need to fulfill basic needs are the natural motivators for people to learn or move forward (MeLeod). This theory is practical to me, because it makes sense for a person to want to move forward in order to fulfill a need in life. It becomes common knowledge that in order to progress in life, you must follow a path or a hierarchical level to do so, as Maslow suggests. Roger’s theory almost justifies Maslow’s theory in that he felt that people have the born tendency to grow and develop on their own. He also suggest that the personality and self-esteem automatically continues to grow within (Hall).
Although there are some aspects of Piaget’s theory I can understand and agree with, I believe that Vygotsky’s theory is more realistic. Vygotsky theory of Sociocultural falls more into place with the thinking process in schools in the current time. Vygotsky believes that children learn from interacting with others (Gallagher). Children learn by observing and modeling one’s behavior (Gallagher). I believe that it is natural for children to...