Professional Development: Module 4
Utility of Research in a Grand Nursing Theory
Research validates and modifies theory and in doing so the potential for the development of nursing knowledge increases (McEwen & Wills, 2011). In Helen C. Erickson, Evelyn M. Tomlin and Mary Ann P. Swain: Modeling and Role Modeling Theory, the belief is “that nursing is a nurse-client relationship” (McEwen & Wills, 2011, p, 158). Modeling role-modeling theory provides expectations and associations that are testable and continue to be highly focused in research. Major principles in modeling role-modeling theory, are aims of interventions, goals of interventions and categories of data. The five aims of interventions are build trust, promote trust promote positive orientation through nurturing self esteem and hope, promote client control, affirm and promote client strengths and set mutual and directed goals (Nursing Theory, 2013).
Modeling role modeling is used in nursing education, practice and research. It encompasses the patient’s viewpoint and understanding of nursing processes. As reported by Parker, (2007) more research is needed to thoroughly develop and strengthen essential modeling in influencing patient care. Evaluations by researchers may be the essential in developing proper modeling examples for future nursing practice and assuring health care team practices are according to the highest of ethical standards.
Contrasting two Grand Nursing Theories
Virginia Henderson: The Principles and Practice of nursing
Henderson’s major concepts were to relate nursing, health of patient and environment. She believed “the unique function of the nurse is to assist the individual, sick or well, in the performance of those activities contributing to health or its recovery (or to peaceful death) that he would perform unaided if he had the necessary strength, will or knowledge. And to do this in such a way as to help him gain independence as rapidly as possible”(McEwen & Wills, 2011).
Henderson worked to increase the patient’s independence so that health progress would continue after hospitalization. She instituted 14 components based on human need, that she believed meant balance in all realms of human life and assisted in independence on behalf of the patient (Nursing Theories, 2013). The 14 activities for client assistance are broken down to psychological, psychological, sociological spiritual: breathe normally, eat & drink amply, eliminate body waste, maintain desirable postures, sleep & rest, dress & undress, maintain body temperature, keep clean, avoid dangers, active communication, learning, worship, work and play (Gonzalo, 2013). All of these concepts promote health and well being to the whole person.
Principals of Henderson’s theory have been published in nursing textbooks from the 1930’s to 1960’s principals of the 14 activities are still important in nursing evaluations of patients and are still used today.