This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Use Of The Observational Method In Qualitative Research

2641 words - 11 pages

Introduction
For a century, researchers in many disciplines and fields have widely used the approach known as qualitative research in their studies. There are many definitions of qualitative research that have been provided. Following are some of the definitions of qualitative research:

“Qualitative research is a research strategy that usually emphasizes words rather than quantification in the collection and analysis of data.” (Bryman, 2008, p.366).

“Qualitative research is an umbrella term for an array of attitudes towards and strategies for conducting inquiry that are aimed at discovering how human beings understand, experience, interpret, and produce the social world.” (Sandelowski, 2004, p.893).

In the above definitions, the authors manage to succinctly capture the significant of the qualitative research. Qualitative research is used to define problem or develop an approach to the problem. Besides, it is also used to go deeper into issues of interest and explore the implications related to the problem. There a number of methods and techniques of data collection such as interviews, documents, observations and focus groups that can be adopted during a qualitative research. Researchers may adopt a variety of methods and techniques for data collection during qualitative research but appropriate methods should be identified and adopted depending to the needs of the research in order to acquire the desire result.

As mentioned earlier, interviews, documents, observations and focus groups are the most commonly used method in data collection for qualitative research. Observation is one of the basic methods used in data collection and it has long been a major tools being used extensively in study by researchers. This essay will be focus on the role of observational data as one of the data collection methods in qualitative research and the process of data collection and analysis when using observation as main data source will also be discussed in depth.

Role of observational data and key characteristics of the processes of data collection and analysis.

Observational data is one of the basic and oldest method to collect data used by the researchers in their daily activities during the research. Patton has defined observation method as a “descriptions of activities, behaviours, actions, conversations, interpersonal interactions, organisation or community processes or any other aspect of observable human experience.” (2002, p.4). By describing and recording all the data gathered from the observation, observational data can shows a comprehensive description of the incident and provides an insight to the scenario or setting.

Observational data can be gathered by selecting a site to be researched or observed in order to gain in depth understanding of the research. At the site, researcher needs to carry out the observation in a very descriptive way. A very descriptive way means, the researcher need to observer and describe in...

Find Another Essay On Use of the Observational Method in Qualitative Research

Use of Focus Groups and Surveys in Qualitative Research

2143 words - 9 pages & Little, 2007). Examples of two differing research methods in qualitative research are focus groups, and observations. Focus groups. Focus groups have been in use in qualitative research for the last 20 years, in many different areas of health care and the social sciences. Focus groups may be used individually within the research process, or combined with other methods of data collection (Then, Rankin & Ali, 2014). When using a focus group

The Meaning of Quantitative and Qualitative Research

1227 words - 5 pages are different than the normal results. Researchers don’t use them in quantitative research because they are too complicated to account for and then put them in the research. The data is based off of the results falling into the normal category. Qualitative research’s main focus is to grasp an individual’s lived experiences, through their emotions, mental processes and behavior (Guts, 2014). Qualitative research studies subjective human

Critically examine the use of social survey as a research method for sociologists

1272 words - 5 pages Social surveys are used in sociological research as a research method, they collect standardised data about large numbers of people. The BCS (British Crime Survey) is a type of social survey involving 14,500 people aged 16 and over. The data that social surveys collect is usually in statistical form and the most practical way of collecting such data is through the use of questionnaires such as the BCS. Stephen Ackroyd and John Hughes

Analyze qualitative research method - Gender Equality - Research Paper

1178 words - 5 pages research shall provide findings and a conclusion that are hinged on quantitative data and qualitative information. A mixed research is being adopted based on a need to use both an exploratory and the confirmatory approach to ride on the benefits and strengths of both methods in one endeavor. The research approach to be adopted in drawing out a conclusion from the proposed research shall largely be by deductive research with slight aspects of induction

Assessing the View that Practical Issues are the Most Important Factors in Deciding Which Research Method to Use

2138 words - 9 pages Assessing the View that Practical Issues are the Most Important Factors in Deciding Which Research Method to Use In sociology, sociologists will often have to do research into certain topics to gain a deeper understanding of them. There are many methods of research that a researcher could use if they were researching into society, such as observation, questionnaires, surveys, or interviews. When choosing between these

Exploring the Perception of Homelessness in Ireland A Qualitative Research Study

1089 words - 5 pages investigation to explore questions concerning such areas of study as sociology (2012, p. 4). It is through qualitative analysis that researchers look for meaning through daily interactions between individuals within a defined sample area (Lapan, Quartaroli, and Reimer, 2012, p. 7), in effort to expand understanding and ultimately answer a research question. To the novice researcher, this process of exploration can be both intimidating and daunting to

The Use of Animals in Medical Research

993 words - 4 pages addiction, and senility.Animal rights advocates challenge the use of animals in research, arguing that besides being inhumane, it is unnecessary. In addition, they claim that laboratory animals are abused.Critics of animal experimentation question whether animals are really needed for medical research. They point to the many alternative methodologies that have been developed and question whether animal experimentation has provided any benefits that

The Use of Animals in Research

808 words - 3 pages In March 1980, there emerged a group called PETA, People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals. This group, founded by Alex Pacheco and Ingrid Newkirk, fights against the use of animals for research. PETA became a well known name between 1981 and 1990 when they went up against IBR, Institute for Behavioral Research. In the book Monkey Business, the story is told of the ten year battle between PETA and IBR. “Through it all, the Silver Spring

The use of animals in medical research

665 words - 3 pages Untitled Uses of animals in Medical Research" Animals have a right to a life free from pain and suffering." Discuss with reference to Christian teachings There is much controversy of the use of animals in medical research. There is no doubt that the use of animals has advanced human medical research in many areas such as asthma therapy, blood transfusion, a diphtheria vaccine and polio and whooping cough vaccines. Animals

Qualitative Research in Social Science

1374 words - 5 pages . Qualitative data analysis can require a tremendous amount of time and effort. The qualitative researcher is assisted in this process through the use of relational database management software to store and manage the data. QSR International (www.qsrinternational.com) is such a company that offers a solution for this process. QSR International is the world largest qualitative software research developer based out of Melbourne, Austria

Qualitative Research Methods in Criminolgy

2108 words - 9 pages research methods generally involve the use of questionnaires, they can involve large numbers of participants, can be easily replicated and are not very time consuming. The findings from qualitative research methods and a smaller sample size cannot be always generalised to other groups, therefore the strength of this method can be questioned. Conducting in-depth interviews can be very time consuming and the answers cannot be easily replicated. As

Similar Essays

If You Wanted To Examine Young People's Experiences Of Homelessness, Would You Use Qualitative Methods, Or Quantitative Methods, Or A Mixed Method

821 words - 4 pages population. The mixed methods approach employs both qualitative and quantitative methods in the same project (Sarantakos 2013, p. 50). Mixing these two approaches does not alter the structure of the two methodologies (Sarantakos 2013, p. 50). Mixed methods approaches are undertaken to research from any relevant perspective, and utilises any applicable previous research (Sarantakos 2013, p. 50). A mixed method approach provides a comprehensive and in

If You Wanted To Examine Young People’s Experiences Of Homelessness, Would You Use Qualitative Methods, Or Quantitative Methods, Or A Mixed Method

965 words - 4 pages qualitative method approach. Qualitative research methodology will best illustrate, understand, and grasp the human experience. The aim for this research is to examine these young peoples experiences of homelessness therefore you would want participant observation. Participant observations will gather data by engaging natural behaviour in the participant’s natural environment. This will give researchers an understanding of past experiences when it is

Strengths And Weakness Of The Qualitative Research Method

3266 words - 13 pages This essay intends to compare and contrast the strengths and weaknesses of the quantitative and qualitative approaches to research which addresses young people and bullying using two journal articles. The first article (quantitative) aims to “establish the relationship between recurrent peer victimisation and the onset of reported symptoms of anxiety or depression in the early teen years” (Bond et al. 2001, p. 480) while the second article

Qualitative Research Review Of The Use Of Patient Simulators In Nursing Education

1585 words - 6 pages process giving strength and believability to the paper (Ryan, et. al. 2007). Theoretical Framework Powell-Laney designed a practical framework with easily identified research questions for her study. Demographic information concerning participants was taken prior to the study to define the sample population. The independent variable was identified in the study as the method used to teach care of a patient having a myocardial infarction: either