This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Utopia And Leviathan Essay

2206 words - 9 pages

Thomas More'sUtopia and Thomas Hobbes' Leviathan each offer alternatives to the worlds in which they lived.. More's society, viewed through the character Hythloday, is seemingly based on man's nature in society being generally good, and the faults of man emanate from how society itself is set up. Hobbes takes the opposite view of human nature, where man's will to survive makes him unable to act out of goodness and it is man who is responsible for society's ills.Both Leviathan and Utopia contain faults in logic that work to undermine the very possibility for these new social structures. In the following I will show how each of their views for a new society give insight into what their beliefs of human nature are, while showing some similarities between them. I will point to some of the faults found with both of their arguments that suggest an implicit and at times contradictory view of mankind.More's Utopia is a response to the world in which he lived. The main character, Hythloday, condemns the class system and the use of money in England. Hythloday sees that the ills of modern society; those of greed, power and pride, must be overcome if man is to live peacefully with one another. In the following excerpt we see evidence of how Hythloday describes human nature in these terms and how Utopia has been able to do away with these three vices."Now isn't this an unjust and ungrateful commonwealth? It lavishes the rich rewards on so-called gentry, loan sharks, and the rest of the crew, who don't work at all or are mean parasites, purveyors of empty pleasures. "¦ I see in (this) nothing but a conspiracy of the rich, who are fattening up their own interests under the name and title of the commonwealth. "¦ How far they remain from the happiness of the Utopian Republic, which has abolished not only money but with it greed! "¦ Everyone knows that if money were abolished "¦ a whole set of crimes which are avenged but not prevented by the hangman would at once die out. If money disappeared so would fear, anxiety, worry, toil and sleepless nights. Even poverty "¦ would vanish if money were entirely done away with." (p.521-523) Hythloday goes on to say that pride causes man to be greedy and seek power. For Hythloday "Pride measures her advantages not by what she has but by what other people lack." (p.522) In a world with social classes where one man is said to be of higher status than another man is by nature going to exploit one another and always be striving for more power.More imagines a society in which greed, power and pride no longer exists. By taking away the class system and the use of money he felt that all the ills of mankind would disappear. This view of human nature is that some men, those in power, are essentially evil and selfish. If a society could be built where no man was greater than another then all could live together in harmony and truly be a part of a commonwealth where "no men are poor, no men are...

Find Another Essay On Utopia And Leviathan

What are the assumptions of realism and why has it been so influential in the studies of International relations?

1611 words - 6 pages , as recently it has become another phrase for 'power politics'. Instead of referring to itself as an ideology, realists see it as more of a straight forward rational theory, a way of thinking reasonably in the situation, rather than seeing the world as a far fetched and ideological utopia. Political realism is seen as a way of explaining political philosophy models, and to prescribe political relations. It makes many assumptions, the key one being

Going Green in the Home Essay

2121 words - 8 pages technology will have made man to eradicate death and suffering and the normal human functions like eating, sleeping and reproduction having been replaced by rather artificial means. The comparison of this state of Utopia to a go green environment is because it was deemed to have struck a balance with technology which was to be utilized for the purpose of enhancing the living standards of mankind. Such sentiments seem to have promulgated the Declaration

Karl Marx and the Authorship of communism

3229 words - 13 pages against Marx's predictions of social revolution. Bauman and May point out that though humans are rational, the choices made are not always the product of conscious decisions, and that many of our actions are "habitual and so not subject to deliberate and open choice."Plato wrote about Utopia, a perfect society, in which there would be little or no conflict, a presupposition that has dominated political, social and philosophical thought. Kamenka writes

The Imposition of Law as Free Will

3668 words - 15 pages , only the elite have the ability to obtain? This will be the true Utopia: a place where all people have the absolute ability to make their own decisions, but have the education and morality to make the right ones. One may disagree that education can truly guide an individual's behavior so dramatically. Yet one can merely use a simple analogy to quell such disagreement. Imagine that a student has been assigned a math problem. A well-educated

Liberalism vs the Hobbesian Theory of Human Nature

6765 words - 27 pages " Hecht, Anthony.  "More Light! More Light!" Hobbes, Thomas.  Leviathan.  Macmillan Publishing Company, New York.  1962. Phillips, Hollibert E.  "The Ironist Utopia:  Can Rorty's Liberal Turnip Bleed?"  International Philosophical Quarterly, Vol. XXXII, No. 3 Issue No. 127.  September 1992. Rorty, Richard.  Contingency, Irony, and Solidarity.  Cambridge University Press, New York.  1989.

When the Bubble Burst

1539 words - 6 pages By the time I arrived state side from my second tour in the Middle East the housing bubble had already burst. I noticed a drastic change in the way that many of my friends and family were living. Several of my friends that worked in real estate had sold their boats and seconds houses. My own stock portfolio had lost a third of its value. My sister and her husband had defaulted on their home mortgage leaving them scrambling for a place to live. I

phase diagram

4456 words - 18 pages Introduction: Chemical equilibrium is a crucial topic in Chemistry. To represent and model equilibrium, the thermodynamic concept of Free energy is usually used. For a multi-component system the Gibbs free energy is a function of Pressure, Temperature and quantity (mass, moles) of each component. If one of these parameters is changed, a state change to a more energetically favorable state will occur. This state has the lowest free energy

Revolutionary Work of Art

1890 words - 8 pages Walter Benjamin emphasizes in his essay, “The Work of Art in the Age of its Technological Reproducibility” that technology used to make an artwork has changed the way it was received, and its “aura”. Aura represents the originality and authenticity of a work of art that has not been reproduced. The Sistine Chapel in the Vatican is an example of a work that has been and truly a beacon of art. It has brought a benefit and enlightenment to the art

Enlightenment Thought in New Zealand Schools

1594 words - 6 pages In this essay I will be looking at how the political and intellectual ideas of the enlightenment have shaped New Zealand Education. I will also be discussing the perennial tension of local control versus central control of education, and how this has been affected by the political and intellectual ideas of the enlightenment. The enlightenment was an intellectual movement, which beginnings of were marked by the Glorious Revolution in Britain

Psychological Egoism Theory

2240 words - 9 pages The theory of psychological egoism is indeed plausible. The meaning of plausible in the context of this paper refers to the validity or the conceivability of the theory in question, to explain the nature and motivation of human behavior (Hinman, 2007). Human actions are motivated by the satisfaction obtained after completing a task that they are involved in. For example, Mother Teresa was satisfied by her benevolent actions and

How Celtic Folkore has Influenced My Family

1587 words - 6 pages Every family has a unique background that influences the way they live and interact with other people. My parents, who emigrated from Ireland to the States with my three brothers in 1989, brought over their own Celtic folklore and traditions that have helped shaped the way our family operates and lives. One aspect of folklore that has helped shape my family dynamic is the Celtic cross—both its background and what role it has played in our lives

Similar Essays

Comparing More's Utopia, Machiavelli's The Discourses, And Hobbes' The Leviathan

2627 words - 11 pages Relationship Between the Sovereign and the Subjects in More's Utopia, Machiavelli's The Discourses, and Hobbes' The Leviathan         Thomas More, Niccolo Machiavelli, and Thomas Hobbes offer models for the relationship between the sovereign and the people in their works Utopia, The Discourses, and The Leviathan. Each argues that ensuring the common good of the people should be the primary goal of the sovereign. However, they differ in

Human Nature As Viewed By Thomas Hobbes And David Hume

2046 words - 8 pages Human Nature as Viewed by Thomas Hobbes and David Hume Thomas Hobbes in Chapter 13 of Leviathan, and David Hume in Section 3 of An Enquiry Concerning the Princples of Morals, give views of human nature. Hobbes’ view captures survivalism as significant in our nature but cannot account for altruism. We cover Hobbes’ theory with a theory of Varied Levels of Survivalism, explaining a larger body of behavior with the foundation Hobbes gives

Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau, And Machiavelli Essay

2342 words - 9 pages English Civil war of the 1640's influenced his political philosophy more than any other event. His most famous work, The Leviathan, was a written response to the English civil war, but also one of his attempts to unite the worlds of science and politics. Hobbes reasoned that human behavior functioned according to laws just as math and science. "He believed that he had created a scientific model of the political world that was as precise and accurate

Appliation Of Leviatian And Looking Backward

2087 words - 9 pages Thomas Hobbes and Edward Bellamy have two different views on how society should be governed. Thomas Hobbes in the Leviathan has outlined how he perceives human nature and the best form of government to control our nature. In Looking Backward by Edward Bellamy he has outlined a future utopia; a look at a government after many years of not being successful. In this paper there is going to a problem and using Looking Backward and the Leviathan the