Utopia Essay

1619 words - 7 pages

Utopia has it’s own community with their own rules and are in way have a society that is very uniform, similar to military. The Utopian idea of the common life is objectionable. The Utopians depend so much on formulas having to do with equality in order to attain prefection. In order to keep the numbers balanced in their community, their household size is regulated and, if not individuals can be sent to other families to keep the numbers balanced. The way their government is set up is to avoid any sort of vice and/or greed. Although this may sound like a happy and problem free community, a good deal of freedom is sacrificed. There is no privacy. Even if one takes a vacation, one is required ...view middle of the document...

A telling aspect of the Utopian economy is encapsulated in Hythloday’s description of how the Utopians come to do the other jobs that people need to do if they are going to live in a civilized society, “Every person (and this includes women as well as men) learns one of the trades I mentioned. As the weaker sex, women practice the lighter crafts, such as working in wool or linen; the heavier jobs are assigned to the men.” (50) The point of interest is the word “assigned” as it points to the level of governmental management, as men are told what tasks they must perform. This is reinforced by the fact that the main function of their elected officials is to “manage matters so that no one sits around in idleness, and to make sure that everyone works hard at his trade.” (51) Although sitting around in idleness may be perfectly pleasing, but this isn’t possible for one’s “free” time when they monitor you at all times. This would be one of the cons for having no privacy. Everything that is done in Utopia must be maintained through population control measures, as overpopulation will mean discomfort and under population will mean a labor shortage. The Utopian government “decreed that there shall be six thousand households in each [city], with each household containing between ten and sixteen adults.” (55) If a house has too few or too many adults in it or a city has too few or too many in aggregate then the extra adults are transferred to the deficient house or city. (56) The numbers they pick here seem totally arbitrary though. Also, this does require a great deal of bureaucrats to enforce the moving of people around. This concludes to micromanaging of the Utopian economy. Although this may seem absurd this is the Utopian way of enforcing equality in the Utopian community. It enforces the work to be equal with everybody by having the same amount of people in each household, rather than some households having more than others, which could create a hierarchy like in normal societies.
Hythloday says that, “Anyone who wants to visit friends in another city, or simply to see the place itself, can easily obtain permission from his elected officials, unless for some reason he is needed at home.” (60) One needs permission to leave on a vacation and even if one does gain permission from the Prince one receives a letter from him “fixing a day of return.” (60) One must also state the day that they will return, and can only travel with permission. If someone decides to leave without permission and is caught they are “treated with contempt, brought back as a runaway, and severely punished.” (60) This is by far the worst privacy invasion. To be severely punished because one decides to leave on vacation, and not tell anyone is ludicrous. Suppose one had an emergency to leave and assist a friend in a different country, they would be severely punished.
Collective rights are far more important, rather then individual rights. Therefor, free speech protection,...

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