Vaccinations On Children Essay

1192 words - 5 pages

One of the most common vaccinations that children get is the Varicella vaccine, otherwise known as the chicken pox vaccine. This protects children from getting the chickenpox. This vaccine is typically given in two doses and has significantly decreased the amount of diseased people. The first dose is typically given to a child between 12 and 15 months and then the second dose is administered anywhere from 4 to 6 years. According to the CDC “In the early 1990s, an average of 4 million people got chickenpox, 10,500 to 13,000 were hospitalized (range, 8,000 to 18,000), and 100 to 150 died each year. Most of the severe complications and deaths from chickenpox occurred in people who were ...view middle of the document...

” (MMR 1). These outbreaks of Measles constitute for only one of the diseases that the MMR vaccine helps to prevent. So, with significant difference in the area of only one disease a person can take into consideration the amount of difference the vaccine has made for a combination of all the diseases.
DTaP vaccine protects children from Diphtheria, Tetanus, and Pertussis. This vaccine is suggested to be five doses given at the ages of two months, four months, six months, fifteen to eighteen months, and four to six years. The CDC states that for Pertussis “Vaccine efficacy is 80%–85% following 3 doses of DTaP vaccine.” (Diphtheria 1). But, again that is just for one of the diseases not all of them. The vaccine significantly aids in Tetanus. Whenever a person gets cut by something rusty a physician will typically give the DTaP or a Tetanus booster. This has been proven to significantly cut down on a person’s risk of getting the Tetanus Disease. The combination of the vaccines into one also eliminates the need for multiple doses of vaccine for each disease.
A different vaccine that is primarily given to people when they are young is the Rotavirus vaccination. According to the CDC this vaccination “The vaccines are RotaTeq® (RV5) and Rotarix® (RV1). Before being licensed, both vaccines were tested in clinical trials and shown to be safe and effective. In these studies, during approximately the first year of an infant’s life, rotavirus vaccine was found to prevent almost all (85% to 98%) rotavirus illness episodes that were severe and to prevent 74% to 87% of all rotavirus illness episodes.” And also “Prior to the introduction of the rotavirus vaccine, rotavirus infection was responsible for 200,000 emergency room visits, 55,000 hospitalizations, and 60 to 65 deaths each year in the U.S.” (Rotavirus 1) The numbers of outbreaks was at an enormous amount before the vaccine came out. This vaccine is typically given to children orally in three doses at two months, four months and six months. Not only is this vaccine severely cutting down on deaths and hospitalizations it is also given orally so that children do not have to endure a needle. This vaccine helps prevent many children from experiencing the suffering caused by the Rotavirus disease.
Also the Polio vaccine is a prominent vaccine given to children. According to the CDC the vaccine is administered in several doses.
There are two types of vaccine that protect against polio: inactivated polio vaccine (IPV) and oral polio vaccine (OPV). IPV is given as an injection in the...

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