Values In Urban Studies Essay

2169 words - 9 pages

In Urban Studies the two theoretical frameworks of positivism and standpoint ideologies hold slightly ontological and epistemological differences in the question of value free science. I will argue from a standpoint perspective that values do and should come into urban studies research because values allow us too empirically and rationally understand urban processes from the perspective of the liberation of gender and heterosexist oppression. First I will develop a working definition of positivist and standpoint frameworks. Second, I will write how traditional empirical science vista inadequately addresses gender and sexual social processes and results in oppression. Third, I will review queer and gender perspectives on science and how they are of value in liberating these individuals from oppression.
Working Definitions:
To fully understand the argument made in this paper, I will partially define positivism, and standpoint frameworks to be used as a reference point in the readers understanding of the argument. Positivism in this paper will be framed as traditional science, empirical science, ecological science, and feminist empirical science. Positivist science claims to be ‘value free’ (Keat and Urry, 1982). The positivist claim as being ‘value free’ stems from the frameworks dialect that science consist of research that is objective, impartial, neutral and independent of political, personal, religious biases (Keat and Urry, 1982).
I define the standpoint framework using both feminist and ‘queer’ perspectives. While there are multiple types of feminist thought like black feminist, radical feminist, this paper lacks discussion concerning these different categories of feminist thought (McDowell, 1993). Additionally, I use the word queer throughout this paper. The word queer can have negative meaning but I use it here as that is how the framework traditionally defines itself (Knopp, 2007). There is a linguist context on why the framework uses queer instead of gay or lesbian. While it is more complex then my explanation here, the word queer was used in academia as a way to linguistically debunk hegemonic order of science (Knopp, 2007). I use the words gay, lesbian and sexuality throughout the paper to represent ‘queer’ framework. Finally, I use examples of feminist and queer frameworks interchangeably throughout the papers. Feminist and Queer frameworks have some dialectical difference and share some common intersections (Wright, 2010). However, I use multiple frameworks to make my argument that values come into play in urban studies by understanding the social processes of women and gays from the standpoint of liberating minorities from male heterosexist perspective in science.
Value Free Science: Positivist
Mainstream science holds no discussion of socially constructed categories of gender or sexuality and the social processes that mutually constitute these socially constructed categories resulting in oppression. As...

Find Another Essay On Values in Urban Studies

Keith Urban: A Country Music Superstar Evolved from Aussie Culture

1235 words - 5 pages , and marrying another celebrity superstar, many believe that this country music legend is still an Aussie bushman at heart. It could very well be the case that, beneath all the glitz and glamour of being a country music star, Keith Urban has the qualities and values that make up a typical Australian. However, there are also a number of instances where Urban has challenged the notion of being a true Australian. In the end, it is clear that Urban

Albedo Modification Potential in European Cities

2884 words - 12 pages potential effects of the increase in urban albedo on climate. Although scientific efforts have already been conducted to evaluate the effect on climate of the change in urban albedo focusing on small and global scale (e.g., Georgescu et al. 2012, Oleson et al. 2010), according to our knowledge no studies have been conducted on a wide sample of cities belonging to the same geographical area. Furthermore, previous research often leads to

Making Cities Livable Again

1438 words - 6 pages productive contributor to the local economy. This will help a city in multiple ways. A more vibrant area will draw business, create jobs, and stimulate the local economy. Increased property values will boost local tax rolls after the urban renewal area expires. Improvements to local infrastructure, such as transportation improvements, will make the community safer and will streamline traffic flow to and from the area (Lake Oswego Redevelopment

Graduate School Admissions Essay: City Planning

994 words - 4 pages sustainability, air pollution , traffic congestion, crime, land values, legislation and zoning codes (Source : Wikipedia). My first critical exposure to urban planning was in fourth year of B.Arch in preparation of my thesis topic seawoods integrated commercial complex cum railway station. I had limited the scope of my thesis to the design of ‘railway station building with the commercial complexes and a shopping mall’ on upper floors. However the

Multi-scale Analysis of Albedo Modification Potential in European Cities

2904 words - 12 pages change in urban albedo on climate, focusing on small and global scale (e.g.,11,14). However, few studies have been conducted using a wide sample of cities belonging to the same geographical area exploring their heterogeneous potential for climate-change mitigation and adaptation. Furthermore, previous research has often led to contradictory results, since based on different datasets (e.g.,12,13). Here, we rely on a single dataset in which the data

An Examination of American Female Adolescents

1981 words - 8 pages urban African-American female adolescents, urban African-American female adolescents who live in rural areas and urban African-American female adolescents of lower socio-economic status. Similarly, studies conducted in two other states in America found that screening rates amongst urban African-American female adolescents in rural areas were lower than those from urban African-American female adolescents living in urban areas (American Health

Demographic Transition From Rural to Urban Areas

2637 words - 11 pages any geographical and climatological distinction, the peculiar size and the morphological characterization of each city may play a role in affecting IRF. We calculate the potential increase in average urban albedo considering that surfaces for transport and housing can be easily enhanced by 0.15 and 0.25 respectively (see Methods). The values used in our calculations are considerably more conservative than in other studies (e.g.,13,14). Among the

The importance of urban trees to mankind

1441 words - 6 pages Trees are one of the capital assets in natural and have potential for long life as a memorial. Trees will change their colour, size and shape in different seasons. Urban trees mean tree grow within a city, town or a suburb. Each tree can make an important contribution to urban area. Urban trees are community’s infrastructure like streets, hospitals, public buildings and sidewalks. Urban trees and forests are very important in cities because

Urban Morphology

847 words - 3 pages each city has its own distinctive pattern, studies of other urban areas have shown that they also demonstrate similar patterns. Consequently, several models describing and explaining urban structure have been put forward. · diagrams showing structure of cities in MEDCsThe two urban models below are the typical structures of many towns and cities in MEDCs. Burgess Model; · This is a very simple urban model, based

Literary Analtsis: Urban Leyends

2373 words - 9 pages . Urban legends can be used to do a great number of things in society-whether that’s starting an ideological movement, reinforcing social values, critiquing society/human behavior, or a great number of other things. However, a point that I failed to make was that the way urban legends will constantly change, as do historical events and ideas, as our society changes and develops. This is due to the idea that our individual lives can influence and

Interpretation of Urban Design

1208 words - 5 pages Interpretation of Urban Design There is a precedent need for the presence of urban design. Urban design is the collection of arranged urban structures that creates functional spaces for people. This is an interdisciplinary practice that can involve multiple actors in fields such as urban planning, architecture, engineering, landscaping, economics, law, and many more. Strong urban designs can lead to the success of linking built structure

Similar Essays

Vulnerability Of Evapotranspiration To Urbanisation: A Multi Criteria Decision Making And Artificial Neural Network Approach

1450 words - 6 pages land-use model and found that, for three of them, the magnitude of extreme events increased with an increase in urbanisation. They concluded that “increasing urbanisation causes a significant increase of extreme rainfall values”. All of the above studies related to the impact of urbanisation on climatic parameters concluded that such parameters are sensitive to urbanisation, and alter with changes in the density of population. In the present study

Jane Jacob’s The Life And Death Of American Cities

2113 words - 8 pages History is regarded as imperative in our understanding of the social attitudes and contex¬¬t on how design function within society and by evaluating these values, we are able to create room for possibilities and changes. In Jane Jacob’s publication of “The Death and Life American Cities,” in 1962, she undermines the conventions of urban planning that bought prominence to New Urbanism movement, playing a pivotal role in today’s planning of the

Urban Transition The Plague In Disguise

2624 words - 11 pages Monish Mehta Urban Studies 350OL Spring 2014 Urban Transition - The Plague in Disguise Introduction According to Ronald Skeldon, author of “Demographic and Urban Transitions in a Global System and Policy Responses” Urban Transition is the transitions to societies where a large majority of the population is concentrated in urban areas. Urban transition is one of the phenomenon which has an impression of being both positive and negative part of

Task 4: Find A Published Case Study You Think Has Been Done Really Well. What Makes It Such A Good Example? Selected Article: Ethnoscapes As Spectac

1157 words - 5 pages : The case studies of East London: `Banglatown´in Brick Lane, Spitafields, and Asian fashions in Green Streets, West Ham. The article’s main argument relies on assessing the poor understanding of the consequences of urban economic stimulation and/or intervention programmes in ethnic districts, making it difficult to evaluate long-term social impacts of the local residents (Shaw, 2004, p. 1989). The authors argue that, in the context of