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Variola Rex Smallpox Essay

1276 words - 5 pages

Variola rex (Smallpox)

Smallpox is a virus that was first founded in ancient times. The virus?s proper name is Variola rex, and it has various different forms as well as various symptoms. Among these forms are typical smallpox, hemorrhagic smallpox, and malignant smallpox, all of which usually always cause death in their victims. Some of the typical symptoms of smallpox include red vesicles and pustules all over, bleeding from all orifices of the body, swelling in the face, throat, and eyes, difficulty eating and swallowing, delirium, malaise, deterioration of the bone marrow, lymph nodes and mucus membranes of the body, and a multitude of other secondary symptoms. Smallpox is typically diagnosed by ruling out the possibility of other viruses, which manifest themselves initially in a similar way, such as measles, and chicken pox. There is no known cure for smallpox once it has been contracted, and a majority of its victims die from it.
Variola rex is considered to be one of the most contagious infectious diseases know to man. The virus is not bound to one particular race, culture, country, sex or age but can found at almost any location. Over the centuries Variola rex has been associated with a multitude of titles including, La Petite Verole, Blattern, Lesser Pox, and Plague. However, the virus that once possessed these various aliases is now most commonly known as Smallpox. Smallpox is typically
diagnosed through the characteristic progression or particular physical as well as internal symptoms. The virus is divided into three groups depending upon initial

symptoms, and progression of the infection. These groups include the most common and typical smallpox, which is divided into two, more rare forms of the disease including; purpura variolosa (hemorrhagic smallpox), and malignant smallpox, both of which have different, more fatal variations from the typical form.(MRMER, 1998)
The most common form of smallpox manifests itself in a very well know and predictable manner. Within the first 12 to 14 days of infection the initial signs of smallpox begin to become evident. The individual begins to experience the initial chill, fever, ranging from 103 to 105 degrees, and overall body fatigue and aches also know as malaise. In addition to the fever a splitting headache is experienced along with a stern backache. Approximately two to three days after the initial signs appear the previous symptoms appear to
subside, and the fever drops to a normal temperature, returning the patient to what would appear to be an almost normal healthy state. This pseudo perception of being cured usually occurs between 7 and 17 days and is know as the incubation period in the disease. Miraculously the incubation period is the one point in the

disease at which the virus can not be contracted by others.(Gehlbach, 2005). By many this period is know as a ? cruel
hoax?, since not only does it not represent and individuals start down the road to recovery from the...

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